Saw palmetto is an herbal treatment for a condition known as benign prostatic hypertrophy or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH, an enlarged prostate gland).
It is made of the ripe fruit of the saw palmetto plant. The oil soluble (fatty acid) part of the fruit liquid is active in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
Many saw palmetto products are standardized based on the fatty acid content. Most saw palmetto extracts used in clinical studies for BPH are berry extracts prepared with lipophilic non-polar solvents containing 80% to 90% free fatty acids.
Saw palmetto has also been used to combat male pattern baldness, prostate cancer, underactive bladder, and prostatitis. However, it has not been proven to help with any of these conditions.
Other names for saw palmetto are:
- palmetto scrub
- saw palmetto berry
- cabbage palm
- palmier de amerique du nord
- American dwarf palm
- dwarf palm
- palmier nain
- Serenoa serrulata
- Serona repens
- Sabal fructus
There are a number of brand names of saw palmetto, such as Elusan Prostate, Prostagutt, Strogen, Prostaserine, Permixon, and others.