- Eat when you're hungry, even it it's not mealtime.
- Eat smaller meals more often.
- Keep non-sugary, nutritious snacks handy such as fresh or dried fruits and vegetables, cottage cheese, milk, and fruit juices.
- Exercise for a few minutes about 30 minutes before a meal to make you hungrier.
- Create a pleasant dining atmosphere by using soft light, quiet music or brightly-colored table accessories.
- Vary your diet and try new recipes.
- Eat with family and friends, or if you must eat alone, turn on the radio, the TV or music for company.
- Use days when you do feel more like eating to catch up.
- Ask your radiation oncologist or nurse if its OK to have one glass of wine or beer with your meal. They have been known to increase appetite.
- Stock up on convenient foods that are easy to make. Canned creamed soups make good-tasting and nutritious sauces served over fish, chicken, or toast. Together with canned or fresh fruit, juices or dairy foods, they make well-balanced and easy-to-make meals.
- If you live alone, you may want to arrange for "Meals on Wheels" to deliver meals. Many communities have this service. Ask your doctor, nurse or local American Cancer Society or Cancer Information Service about services in your area.
- When you feel more like yourself, make some additional meals and freeze them to use later.
Radiation Therapy For Cancer
Using ionized energy to kill cells, radiation therapy is used by half of all patients to treat cancer. Radiation kills cancer cells by damaging their genetic material beyond repair, causing them to breakdown and die. Both short- and long-term side effects, such as hair and memory loss, can occur when the therapy kills healthy cells. Different types of radiation exist. When a machine outside the body delivers it, it is called external-beam radiation therapy. If radioactive materials are placed inside the body, it is called internal radiation therapy, or brachytherapy. You can also receive an injection of radioactive iodine, which travels through the body to kill cancer cells, a treatment called systemic radiation therapy. When cancer cant be cured, radiation therapy can be used to shrink tumors to make life more comfortable for a patient. Doctors may use radiation treatments alone or in combination with surgery and/or chemotherapy, which uses drugs to kill cancer cells.
1 AnswerRiverside Cancer Care Center answeredHere are some hints to help you, if you have lost your appetite during treatment.
1 AnswerRiverside Cancer Care Center answeredDuring your treatments, you will be cared for by your radiation therapist. Using the marks that have already been made on your skin, the radiation therapist will carefully position you on the treatment table beneath the machine. If a mold was made, the mold or sometimes tape will be used to help you hold still. Remaining still during treatments ensures that the proper area is treated.
The treatment machines are large and can be intimidating when you first encounter them. They can make noises similar to a vacuum cleaner and during your treatment they move up and down and around you so that radiation can be directed at the tumor from different angles. It is normal to be a bit anxious during your first few treatments, but you will become accustomed to the machines in a short period of time.
During treatment, your radiation therapist will be in another room monitoring you on a close-circuit TV screen. You will be able to talk to each other via an intercom. Even though you may feel alone, remind yourself that your treatment is constantly being checked.
2 AnswersRiverside Center for Neurosciences answeredBenefits of Gamma Knife treatment include:
- Although the treatment area where the beams converge receives a very high dose of radiation, each of the individual beams has low intensity so there is minimal risk to nearby tissue.
- The absence of an incision eliminates the risk of bleeding and infection.
- Patients experience minimal discomfort during and after the procedure.
- Hospitalization is short--Gamma Knife procedures can be performed on an outpatient basis in a single session.
2 AnswersRiverside Center for Neurosciences answeredThe Gamma Knife uses a highly accurate beam of radiation to destroy cancer but does not involve conventional, open surgery, so it can usually be carried out in a single day.
Radiation coming from 201 separate sources is directed to a specific target. Highly sophisticated computer software is used to determine the size, location and shape of the area to be treated. Only at the point where all 201 beams cross is enough radiation delivered to affect the diseased tissue, while sparing surrounding tissue.
1 AnswerExternal beam radiation for the treatment of cancer allows high doses of radiation to be directed specifically to the tumor itself, sparing healthy tissue in areas around it. Using three-dimensional treatment planning, the radiation oncologist can avoid critical structures, such as organs, while delivering the high dose of radiation to the cancer cells.
1 AnswerIntraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) is a selectively used special procedure in which radiation is given to a patient's open surgical site during surgery. This technique is used when a surgeon finds cancer in the neck, chest, abdomen, or pelvis that cannot be completely removed but can be well seen. IORT requires a patient to be brought to the radiation department during surgery and requires the coordination of surgery, anesthesia, and radiation. IORT is intended to reduce the risk of local tumor growth.
1 AnswerCone beam computed tomography (CBCT or cone beam CT) involves the use of a CT scanner built into the linear accelerator. Images taken just prior to radiation treatment allow the radiation oncologist to correct any variation between intended and actual setup position. CT is anatomically more detailed than x-rays -- and sometimes cone beam CT is used instead of x-ray imaging when extreme precision of treatment is needed.
1 AnswerOn-board imaging (OBI) refers to the use of daily x-rays (taken right on the linear accelerator) that help to confirm a match of treatment setup to the planned treatment. Radiation treatment is designed to be very precise, and these images, taken just prior to treatment, allow the radiation therapist to correct for any daily treatment setup variation. OBI improves the accuracy of treatment and may allow the radiation oncologist to use smaller radiation treatment fields, reducing your risk of side effects.Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.
1 AnswerImage-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) refers to an x-ray taken just prior to your radiation treatment, which confirms the correct position of the radiation field. This daily imaging allows for any small positional corrections and allows the radiation oncologist to use smaller treatment fields to treat your cancer, reducing the risk of side effects. IGRT may use two-dimensional on-board imaging or three-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography (CT). IGRT is especially helpful in treating prostate cancer because the prostate is located close to the bladder and rectum. By imaging the prostate fields daily, normal tissue is spared greatly, and the radiation dose to the prostate cancer can be safely increased, improving the chance of cancer cure.
1 AnswerLIVESTRONG answeredThe higher the dose of radiation received, the more risk for developing a second cancer. In general, the risk of having a second cancer from radiation is very low, and much depends on the amount of radiation given during treatment. For survivors of childhood cancer, radiation therapy is the most important risk factor for second cancers.