Several non-surgical procedures have proven effective for treating prostate diseases. If you have a bacterial infection, your first step will be to take a two-to-four week course of antibiotics. If you have benign prostatic hyperplasia, you may have to take drugs such as alpha blockers, which relax your muscles and alleviate your symptoms. For some drugs, you may have to be on them for several months before seeing consistent results. Talk to your doctor about what options are best for you.