- Encourage conversation by talking with your child at least once a day. Make talking fun.
- Be an example for your child by speaking slower, but don't ask your child to talk more slowly. This only adds pressure.
- Encourage the number and length of pauses in your child's speech. Give him lots of time to complete a sentence or train of thought. Try not to complete your child's sentences and don't interrupt him.
- Use shorter, simpler sentences.
- Speak in a quieter voice.
- Don't label your child a stutterer. Tell siblings that teasing or imitating the child is not allowed.
- Give full attention to your child when he is speaking.
- Ask other adults to not correct your child's speech. Share this with sitters, teachers, neighbors, relatives, and visitors.
2 AnswersIntermountain Healthcare answeredHere are some tips to help your child with a stutter:
1 AnswerIntermountain Registered Dietitians, Nutrition & Dietetics, answered on behalf of Intermountain HealthcareYou may notice that your child struggles with his speech if he has a stutter. When a child shows a physical or emotional reaction to his "bumpy" speech, it is called a struggle behavior.
- a tense voice during repetitions, or visible tension in face and neck muscles
- changing words for fear of stuttering
- facial grimaces and hand, arm, or foot movements
- avoidance of speaking situations or the refusal to speak at all
1 AnswerIntermountain Registered Dietitians, Nutrition & Dietetics, answered on behalf of Intermountain HealthcareStuttering happens in about 1 out of every 100 children. Here are some characteristics
- Part word repetitions: your child repeats parts of words 3 or more times.
- Prolongations: your child holds a sound for too long.
- Blocks: the child cannot get some words started.
- Disfluencies: happen more than 10% of the time.
1 AnswerWheelchair-users always de-plane last. It usually takes them a while to get your chair up to the jetway - and, it's easier to maneuver around without hoards of anxious travelers and their luggage. You may get lucky and only wait a few minutes, or you may have to wait for 15 minutes or more. But once you do get in your chair, thoroughly check for damage. You might be in a hurry, but you need to take the time to make sure there aren't any new scrapes, nicks, gashes, dents, bent axles, broken spokes, missing pieces, or popped tires.
If you find damage, however big or small, you need to go to customer service in baggage claim and fill out a damage claim form. Airlines are accommodating when it comes to paying for damage done to wheelchairs, but you need to take care of this right away if this happens to you. You may choose to photograph the damage while at the airport, as well.
At this point the airline is available to help you in any way that you need to navigate through the airport and get to your baggage. Once again, it can be beneficial to use their assistance because they know where elevators are and can get you through customs quickly, if necessary. There are also porters to help you take your bags outside.
Once you are outside, keep in mind that if you are traveling by taxi, your chair will be folded and stuffed in a vehicle. You may have to guide either the taxi driver or whomever is with you so that everything is stowed away properly and safely. Depending on your travel destination, you may be able to request a mini-van or sports utility vehicle (SUV) taxi in order to optimize space, or even a wheelchair accessible van with a lift and tie-downs so that you can stay in your chair.
1 AnswerWhen checking-in your wheelchair before boarding a plane, you can at least remove your cushion and sit on it during the flight. If you have an air cushion, keep checking it during the flight because the cabin pressure can cause it to over-inflate! For chairs with power rims, remove the power rims and battery and bring those on board with you. Make certain that they tag your wheelchair and give you the receipt in case anything is lost. You can also write your name and address somewhere on the frame of your wheelchair or use a return address label with tape on it, in case the tag gets ripped or lost.
Before your power chair leaves your sight and is taken away, double and triple check that your chair has a correct destination tag on it and a gate check tag; this means that they will bring your chair back up to the entrance of the plane when you've landed, so you don't have to pick it up at baggage claim.
Also, make sure you've removed items from your chair you wouldn't want to have lost or damaged - your backpack, your seat cushion, and anything else. You may want to remove the little rubber knob that easily comes off of the chair's joystick, as they aren't cheap to replace if they fall off. Just remember: the crew treats your chair like a piece of luggage... not always as gingerly as you would like!
Take your battery charger on the plane with you and stow it under your seat or in overhead. Just in case luggage should be lost, you do not want to get stuck for a few days without your charger. Most new chargers are fairly light and small - not like the old ones that weighed as much as you!
1 AnswerWhen traveling by plane in a wheelchair, if you want, you can get immediate assistance when you arrive at the airport. They will escort you to your gate, often allowing you to bypass long lines at security. However, you will need to get physically patted down by a security agent since you can't go through the metal detector. You can request a private area and a same-sex agent if you prefer.
Whether you are using a manual or power chair, when you get to your gate, make sure the gate attendants know you will be boarding the flight and if you need assistance. You are always entitled to pre-board the plane to give you space and comfort to get to your seat and to allow the airline time to bring your chair down to cargo. Don't be afraid to clearly tell those helping you what your needs are and the best way to assist you.
1 AnswerWhen you are traveling by plane with a power wheelchair, there are several additional elements that you need to address when booking and getting on your flight. First and foremost, make sure you know what type of batteries you have. "Wet" batteries must be removed from the chair and boxed up in special containers because of the risk of acid spillage. Check with your carrier to find out if you need to box up the batteries beforehand or if they will do that for you.
"Dry" or gel batteries don't need to be removed from the chair. When you check in (which you must do at the gate even if you already did at the ticket counter), you will be asked what type of batteries you have so that your crew is notified in advance. Sometimes, although the batteries are not removed, they are unplugged during the flight. So, when you get your chair once you've arrived at your destination and the power doesn't work, check to see if the batteries are unplugged before having a panic attack!
And in case of a real breakdown, make sure to pack your repair tools (these will not be allowed in your carry-on so put them in your checked baggage) and a pneumatic tire repair kit. If you're traveling domestically and have access to a computer, you may want to print out and pack a list of any wheelchair or bike shops that may be near your travel destination. To be most proactive, you can even service your wheelchair before you go on your trip!
2 AnswersBetty Long, RN, MHA, Nursing, answered
Handicapped placards are intended to make driving and parking easier for persons with disabilities. And the disability does not have to be permanent.
It’s not just the physical benefit of being able to park closer to a building or a store. It may also provide some much-appreciated peace of mind that you won’t have to struggle or risk injury just by trying to get somewhere. For example, walking any distance on crutches can be difficult, particularly when carrying gear for work (laptop, briefcase, etc) or a pocketbook, etc.
1 AnswerBetty Long, RN, MHA, Nursing, answered
Ironically, many people who are eligible fail to apply because they are in denial about their disability. Others fear what strangers will think when they see them park in handicapped spots because they have an “invisible” disability like blindness or hearing loss. And then there are able-bodied people who misuse and abuse the system entirely.
The criteria for eligibility vary state by state but here are some of the most frequent reasons:
- Cannot walk without the assistance of another person, prosthetic device, wheelchair or other assistive device.
- Is severely limited in the ability to walk due to an arthritic, neurological or orthopedic condition.
- Has a Class III or Class IV cardiac condition according to the standards set by the American Heart Association.
- Uses portable oxygen.
- Has permanently lost the use of or is missing a hand or arm.