Treatment options for periodontitis begins when your dentist, periodontist (a dentist who specializes in gum disease), or dental hygienist thoroughly removes the plaque and tartar that has built up on your teeth and caused the infection. This procedure is called scaling and root planing, and if necessary, lasers can be used as well.
You may be prescribed antibiotic medications to control the infection, such as a special mouth rinse; a tiny antibiotic chip, gel, or microsphere, placed in pockets between the teeth and gum; or an antibiotic pill. If these don’t work, surgery may be required.
After your gum disease is treated, you’ll need to follow good oral hygiene habits, such as brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and not smoking, to prevent its recurrence.