Gum disease in diabetics should be aggressively treated because of the risk of early tooth loss. Brushing teeth at least twice daily and daily flossing is the cornerstone of management.
Dental professionals are trained to remove plaque and tartar build-up that the individual cannot accomplish by regular flossing and brushing. The procedure used to remove tartar above a gumline is called scaling and root planing. In the advanced stages of gum disease, dentists may choose to prescribe medications to decrease the amount of bone loss, especially in those with diabetes. Dentists can of course remove teeth that have deteriorated because of gum disease and present you with options for replacement.
Anti-bacterial toothpastes and mouthwashes can also help treat and prevent gum disease. Ask your dentist which toothpaste and mouthwash to use.
Some studies report that people with diabetes who maintain an effective level of plaque control and periodontal health have better blood sugar control. Regular visits to the dentist/hygienist will make a big difference in preventing and treating gum disease and its unwanted effects. Prophylactic antibiotics may be needed in patients with diabetes who require oral surgery.