A Answers (4)
Mehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answeredYour risk for Parkinson's is higher in middle age and later on in life, and your risk increases the older you get. Men are at higher risk than women for developing the condition. Men and women also have different risk factors -- anemia may be a higher risk factor for women, for example. Exposure to environmental toxins like herbicides or pesticides may also put you at higher risk.
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Not everything about Parkinson's disease is clear, so currently, it is believed that anyone could develop the disorder. Of course, some are at higher risk that others. As you grow older, your risk increases. Men are more likely to develop Parkinson's that women. Genetics may play a role as up to 20 percent of those with Parkinson's are related to someone who also had it. Although not as common, prolonged exposure to pesticides or herbicides can also increase the risk of developing Parkinson's disease.
Several risk factors have been identified in the literature for developing a diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease. Unfortunately, most are not modifiable or cannot be changed. The strongest influence on risk of Parkinson’s disease is having a family member with the disease, increasing the chances of being diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease by three or four times. Other risk factors include history of constipation or brain injury, rural residence, history of pesticide or herbicide exposure and use of well water. Incidentally, tobacco use and caffeine consumption are consistently identified as protective, but are not recommended means of reducing risk of developing Parkinson’s disease because of the well-recognized complications otherwise associated with these habits.
A risk factor is anything that increases your chances of getting sick or having a problem. Risk factors for Parkinson's disease are hard to identify, because the cause of the disease is unknown.
Advancing age is the only known risk factor for typical Parkinson's disease (not including early-onset Parkinson's). Most instances of Parkinson's occur after age 50. But the illness does occur in people between the ages of 30 and 50 or, in rare cases, at a younger age.
A very small number of people with Parkinson's have a close relative who also has the disease. But it doesn't appear that a family history of typical Parkinson's significantly increases your risk for the disease.
Having a family history of the disease is a more significant risk factor in cases of early-onset Parkinson's, but this form of the disease is not common.
Poisons in the environment
Some research suggests that long-term exposure to certain environmental risk factors such as pesticides, chemicals or well water may increase a person's risk of developing Parkinson's disease.
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