Physical therapy, physiatry, rehabilitation, and sports medicine are probably the most conventional and widely used approaches of all neck and back pain therapies. Initially, they rely heavily on the use of pain control methods such as transcutaneous electrical stimulation, ultrasound, diathermy, electrical muscle stimulation, and heat or ice applications. Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS) is a nerve stimulator that produces signals which block the transmission of pain impulses. In cases of severe and intractable pain, TENS may be prescribed for home use. Ultrasound and diathermy are forms of deep tissue heating that are meant to increase blood flow and stimulate tissue repair. Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) is designed to help in tissue repair by stimulating low-level movement in the muscles. While these tools are widely used and often help to temporarily relieve pain, none of them are proven to speed your recovery or alter the ultimate outcome.
More Answers from Gerald M. Silverman