Pain Treatment

Pain Treatment

If an injury has healed, and there is no more reason for pain but you still hurt, you have chronic pain. It can persist for an extended time (which is why it's called chronic). Chronic pain can cause both psychological and physical distress. Even though the injury has healed, the pain may signal other muscles to compensate and tense. Fatigue, depression and anger are common. You may need to get help at a facility that specializes in chronic pain. Physical and occupational therapy may help. Sometimes electrical stimulation can help, or a change in medication. Hypnosis can also be an effective part of chronic pain management.

Recently Answered

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    AFred C. Redfern, MD, Orthopedic Surgery, answered on behalf of Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center
    How Can Weight Loss Relieve My Hip Pain?
    While weight loss is difficult, it does reduce hip pain, says Fred Redfern, MD, an orthopedic surgeon at Sunrise Hospital. In this video, he describes the effects of weight loss on hip pain.
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    It is possible that serious side effects may occur following a spinal injection procedure. Call your doctor or go to the emergency room if you experience any of the following:
    • Severe pain or headache
    • Fever or chills
    • Loss of bladder or bowel control
    • Progressive weakness
    • Redness or swelling around the injection site
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    If you have had a spinal injection, it takes a few days, even a week or longer, for the steroid medicine to reduce inflammation and pain. Your doctor may want to follow-up with you in 1-3 weeks.
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    You may experience side effects after a spinal injection, which will go away in a few days. These side effects include:
    • Briefly increased pain
    • Headaches
    • Trouble sleeping
    • Facial flushing
    • Hiccups
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    On the day of your spinal injection, you should arrive a little early to fill out any necessary paperwork before the procedure. Have your insurance information with you.
    • For your benefit and safety, current medical information may be requested again.
    • It is important to alert your doctor if you are experiencing any new or recent medical problems. Your doctor may give you a brief physical exam.
    • You may receive an intravenous (IV) line before the procedure.
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    If you are having a spinal injection, you may need to stop taking some of your medication before the procedure -- ask your healthcare provider. Generally, you should continue to take medicines necessary to your health, such as blood pressure or thyroid medicines. It is safe to take products containing acetaminophen (such as Tylenol).
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    ASuzanne Levine, DPM, Podiatric Medicine, answered
    Dr. Suzanne Levine - What are the latest treatment options for foot pain?
    Some of the latest treatments for foot pain include infrared treatments, platelet-enriched plasma injections, topical products and laser fungal nail treatments. Watch podiatrist Suzanne Levine, DPM, explain these innovative treatments for foot pain. 
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    AJohn Uribe, MD, Orthopedic Surgery, answered on behalf of Baptist Health South Florida
    Total shoulder resurfacing is far less invasive than traditional shoulder replacement surgery, and people can go home the same day. Prosthetic complications are minimized, and the rehabilitation can start fairly quickly. Restoration of motion and strength is achieved with more reliability and with less pain.

    One very exciting result of total shoulder resurfacing is that it doesn’t burn any bridges -- you can always go back and do traditional replacement surgery if it doesn’t work.
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    ADevi Nampiaparampil, MD, Pain Medicine, answered
    How do pain patches work to treat pain?

    Pain patches contain different medications inside them; when applied to the skin, they deliver pain relief locally to the area. Watch pain management expert Devi Nampiaparampil, MD, describe the common ingredients and benefits of using pain patches.


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    Observations of the short- and long-term effects of anesthetics on subsets of the population, such as the elderly or cancer survivors, will reveal whether certain anesthetics are better than others for members of those groups. Research on how a person’s genetic makeup influences the way he or she responds to anesthetics will enable doctors to further tailor anesthesia to individuals.
    Research will yield a better understanding of why surgery sometimes triggers life-threatening postoperative events such as heart attack, kidney failure and respiratory distress. This may allow anesthesiologists to preempt and better respond to these dangerous conditions.
    Scientists will gain a better understanding of the mechanisms that underlie pain and consciousness from knowledge of how anesthetics affect these physiological states. This could lead to new ways to alleviate pain and to new treatments for conditions associated with a decrease or loss of consciousness, such as epilepsy and coma. Studies of the mechanisms of anesthesia may also provide insights into the nature of consciousness itself.
    National Institute of General Medical Sciences, by permission.