Probably the first and most important thing you can do for someone with central pain syndrome is to recognize that the pain is not imagined-it is real and can be severe. Not only can it be severe, it is chronic and may be widespread. The slightest movement, lightest touch, or change in temperature can increase the pain. Make sure that they work with their doctor to find treatments that will lessen the pain. Encourage them to try physical therapy and work on reducing stress, as these have both been shown to help with pain management.