If peripheral neuropathy runs in your family, you are more likely to get it. People with diabetes are also at risk for developing peripheral neuropathy. In fact, 60 to 70 percent of people with diabetes have some form of the disorder. Other conditions that raise your chances if you have them are Lyme disease, shingles, HIV/AIDS, as well as vitamin deficiencies, autoimmune, and thyroid disorders. Some habits, like alcoholism, work stress, and exposure to chemicals, put you at risk, too.