Organ Procurement Organizations (OPOs) are nonprofit local entities, designated by the federal government, which are located throughout the United States. They are responsible for raising organ donor awareness, for recruiting donors, for organ removal and for the organ's subsequent transportation.
Each state has its own OPO. There is often a central location and satellite offices throughout the state. Whenever a patient dies, hospitals must contact the local OPO. A representative then determines whether the person is registered as an organ donor and whether his or her organs can be used. If a patient, prior to death, or next of kin after a patient's death gives consent, then representative of the OPO collects the donor's relevant medical history and makes arrangements for the organ or organs to be removed, packaged and shipped to the hospital receiving the organs.