- Suppositories -- initiate reflex emptying of the bowel.
- Stool softeners -- adjust stool consistency; usually the effects of stool softeners take several days after initial use. Softeners with a laxative component may be used when additional softening or stimulus is needed. Osmotic laxatives act in both the small and large intestines to attract and retain water, increasing pressure. These drugs may be an option for bowels that do not respond to other drugs.
- Bulking formers -- these agents add substance to the stool by increasing its bulk and water.
- Enemas -- can provide immediate relief from constipation and discomfort as a water solution is injected deeply into the bowels and colon and then expelled.
A Answers (1)
Multiple Sclerosis Foundation answeredMedications for bowel problems may be necessary if dietary and fluid changes are not adequate. But they must be used with caution and under medical supervision. Laxatives are oral stimulants that provide a chemical irritant to the bowel. Laxatives can become habit forming so should be used cautiously. Routine use of large-volume enemas can result in over-distended bowel. Some of these medications include: