Microdermabrasion has been touted as a noninvasive wrinkle reducer. Proponents say the technique can decrease scarring, equalize skin tone and pigmentation, and decrease acne. Microdermabrasion is performed both in physicians' offices and by aestheticians.
Let's examine exactly what microdermabrasion is and what it can do. Back in the 1960s, the loofah pad (the dried, fibrous part of a loofah fruit) became popular to exfoliate the skin. The human upper epidermis, the stratum corneum, is composed of dead skin that keeps out water and germs. The loofah pad strips off this layer, making the skin look better.
Microdermabrasion is really just an expensive loofah pad. It is called "micro" because traditional "dermabrasion" removes not only the dead skin, but also varying layers of the epidermis (upper layer) and even the dermis (lower layer).