Symptoms of Meniere's disease range from mild to severe. You may suffer bouts of vertigo - a spinning, dizzy feeling - and you may feel nauseated. You may feel pressure or hear ringing, buzzing, or other noises in your ear. You may lose your hearing during these episodes; although it usually comes back after the episode, most patients eventually lose at least part of their hearing permanently. You may have symptoms for a few minutes every few months, or all day for long stretches.
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Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Symptoms of Ménière's disease are:
- Vertigo attacks that occur suddenly and last from several minutes to hours. The spinning sensation caused by vertigo is often bad enough to cause nausea, vomiting and vomiting dizziness.
- A low-pitched roaring, ringing or hissing sound in the ear ( tinnitus ).
- Hearing loss (often of low-frequency sounds) that may return to normal after the attack or may be permanent.
- A feeling of pressure or fullness in the ear.
Vertigo is not the same as feeling dizzy. Dizziness is feeling unsteady or unstable. Vertigo is a sensation of whirling or spinning. Symptoms of dizziness and vertigo may be caused by many conditions other than Ménière's disease.
Sometimes you may sense that an attack is about to occur. The signal might be:
- An increasing feeling of pressure in the ear.
- Sounds seeming louder than normal.
- Nausea. A few people have nausea before an attack. But nausea can have many causes, so nausea does not always mean that an attack is about to occur.
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The symptoms of Ménière's syndrome are episodic rotational vertigo (attacks of a spinning sensation), hearing loss, tinnitus (a roaring, buzzing, or ringing sound in the ear), and a sensation of fullness in the affected ear. Tinnitus and fullness of the ear in Ménière's syndrome may come and go with changes in hearing, occur during or just before attacks, or be constant. There may also be an intermittent hearing loss early in the disease, especially in the low pitches, but a fixed hearing loss involving tones of all pitches commonly develops in time. Loud sounds may be uncomfortable and seem distorted in the affected ear.
Ménière's syndrome generally occurs in only one ear. In rare cases, both ears can be affected. As the disease progresses, hearing loss may be more pronounced and less likely to fluctuate with attacks, and tinnitus and ear fullness may be stronger and more constant. The vertigo (dizziness) attacks may subside over time.
Vertigo is usually the most troublesome of all the symptoms of Ménière's syndrome. Vertigo is commonly produced by disorders of the inner ear, but may also occur in central nervous system disorders. Vertigo may last for 20 minutes to two hours or longer.
During attacks, patients are usually unable to perform activities normal to their work or home life. Sleepiness may follow for several hours, and the off-balance sensation may last for days. The symptoms of Ménière's syndrome may be only a minor nuisance, or can be disabling, especially if the attacks of vertigo are severe, frequent, and occur without warning.
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