Treatment options for uveal melanoma depend on several factors, including the size and location of the tumor and the age of the person affected. The most common treatment is surgery, but the type of surgery depends on the severity of the cancer. If the tumor is small, doctors will remove just the growth and a little bit of the surrounding tissue. If the tumor is larger, doctors may have to remove the entire eye, and in some cases, the eyelid and surrounding nerves and muscles.
Other types of treatment may be used to try to kill cancerous cells. Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays directed toward the growth to destroy the cancerous cells. Photocoagulation uses a laser to destroy tumors. Thermotherapy uses heat in the form of ultrasound, microwaves, or lasers to kill the melanoma cells. Some patients may take part in clinical trials in which new treatment options are explored.