Medullary Thyroid Cancer
- Q What is medullary thyroid cancer?
Medullary thyroid cancer is one form of cancer of the thyroid gland. The disease begins in the parafollicular cells, or C cells, which release calcitonin, a hormone that works to regulate the amount of calcium in the blood. Medullary thyroid cancer... Full Answer
- Q What are the symptoms of medullary thyroid cancer?
The symptoms of medullary thyroid include pain in the neck when swallowing and a visible or easily detectable lump on the thyroid gland. People with this type of thyroid cancer may also cough or cough up blood, have problems breathing because of airway... Full Answer
- Q What causes medullary thyroid cancer?
The cause of medullary thyroid cancer is currently not known. Most cases are called sporadic, which means they are not hereditary and do not run in families. Your risk of medullary thyroid cancer increases if you have a history of it in your family.... Full Answer
- Q How is medullary thyroid cancer diagnosed?
Physicians typically diagnose medullary thyroid cancer with a test to measure the level of serum calcitonin in the body. Calcitonin is produced by C-cells in the thyroid gland. If the level is high, your doctor may suspect medullary thyroid cancer. Other... Full Answer
- Q What are the treatment options for medullary thyroid cancer?
Medullary thyroid cancer is primarily treated with surgery. A thyroidectomy, or removal of most or all of the thyroid gland, and surgery to remove nearby lymph nodes in the neck has proven to be a successful way to treat this type of cancer. Sometimes... Full Answer
- Q What should I ask my doctor after a diagnosis of medullary thyroid cancer?
After a diagnosis of medullary thyroid cancer, there are many questions you can ask your doctor. It is important for you to know what stage your cancer is in, as well as the treatment options available. As your doctor outlines your options, be sure to... Full Answer
- Q Who is most at risk for medullary thyroid cancer?
People who are have a family medical history of genetic disorders, including tumors, are most at risk for inherited medullary thyroid cancer. The other type of this cancer, called sporadic medullary thyroid cancer, can affect anyone. However, sporadic... Full Answer
- Q What if medullary thyroid cancer runs in my family?
One of the risk factors for medullary thyroid cancer is if the disease runs in your family. If that is the case, it is important to speak with your doctor, who may recommend a specialist. For people who are genetically prone to medullary thyroid cancer,... Full Answer
- Q Is medullary thyroid cancer serious?
Medullary thyroid cancer is a serious disease that is difficult to treat. One of the most uncommon forms of thyroid cancer, it can invade other parts of the body, including the liver, lungs, and bone tissue. Surgery is the only effective way of treating... Full Answer
- Q How common is medullary thyroid cancer?
Medullary thyroid cancer accounts for about three percent of all the people diagnosed with thyroid cancer. While thyroid cancer is not as common as many other types of cancer, doctors diagnose between 34,000 and 37,000 new cases each year. That means... Full Answer