9 AnswersAge-related macular degeneration, or AMD for short, is a painless disease that results in a blind spot and can impair vision. Watch the animation to learn more about this disorder.
4 AnswersMichael Roizen, MD, Internal Medicine, answered
I know how you feel. My peepers are key. First things first, if you smoke, QUIT! Smoking impedes circulation to your eye, reducing the amount of oxygen your eye receives and damaging the delicate and essential blood vessels. For you men out there, if smoking constricts the blood vessels in your eye, it also constricts the blood vessels in an even more important part of your body.
Some other things you might want to write down in your "Mac-Degen-B-Gone" notes:
- DHA: Omega 3 and 600mg DHA per day reduces the risk of macular degeneration and speeds up the relay nerves in your brain – you want to be a fathead.
- Sleep: Get at least 5 hours a day.
- UV: Wear hats and UV protection sunglasses.
- Control: High-blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar.
- Eat: Nutritious food rich in green leafy vegetables and fruits that have carotenoids and other compounds that protect your eye (Pop-eye beats Bugs Bunny when it comes to eyes).
- Lutein: Take 6-10 mg if you have macular degeneration or are at risk (reflects UV and blue light and builds eye defenses).
- Stay Up to Date: Get an annual eye exam, and make sure your prescription is current.
1 AnswerJacob Teitelbaum, Integrative Medicine, answeredA number of studies have shown that good nutrition can slow or prevent the development of macular degeneration.
It has been proven that people with diets high in fruits and vegetables (especially leafy green vegetables and colorful berries) have a lower incidence of macular degeneration. This is also helped by high levels of the nutrient flavonoids, as well as lutein and zeaxanthin (both found in egg yolks), and lycopene (in tomatoes). In fact, those with high levels of these nutrients had only half the risk of Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD).
Fish oils and nuts are protective.
Red wine is protective. But beer can worsen ARMD.
Recommended nutritional supplements:
Research suggests that a mix of nutrients is more effective than individual ones for ARMD. "Ocudyne II" capsules by Nutricology is good (easily found in many online shops), along with:
- Bilberry extract (25% extract) 40-80 mg 3x day.
- Zinc 25-50 mg a day.
- Vitamin C 1,000 mg 3x day.
- Vitamin E (must be natural and mixed tocopherols) 600 units/day.
- Selenium 200 mcg a day.
- Ginkgo Biloba (standardized to 24%) 40-80 mg 3x day.
Protect your eyes with sunglasses that have UV protection. Ultraviolet rays are believed to cause damage to the pigment cells in the retina.
Quit smoking. Smoking worsens circulation to the retinal blood vessels.
Make reading easier:
- Use a halogen light. These have less glare than standard light bulbs.
- Shine the light directly on your reading material. This improves the contrast and makes the print easier to see.
- Use a hand-held magnifier. A cheap drugstore magnifier can increase the print size dramatically.
For "wet" ARMD (when new, but fragile, blood vessels try to regrow to support the macula) - your eye doctor may recommend laser treatments, which can be added to the treatments above.
5 AnswersHonor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
The treatment options that are available for someone with macular degeneration will depend on the type and severity of his or her disease. Unfortunately, there are not treatments to repair vision damage caused by dry macular degeneration. Some people with the dry type or the wet type in just one eye can help slow the progression of macular degeneration with dietary supplements. A number of treatment options are available to people who have wet macular degeneration, including eye surgery, medications, and implanted devices that may improve vision. These treatments can stop or slow down the disease's progression as well as improve vision.
2 AnswersPeople can have a variety of symptoms with macular degeneration. Most commonly, people report blurry vision, distorted vision or haze in their vision. These changes tend to affect the central part, or one's "straight-ahead" vision, rather than the side vision.
Add in Antioxidants: A large-scale study at the National Eye Institute found that taking high levels of certain antioxidants and zinc can significantly reduce the risk of macular degeneration. Subjects in the study took high doses of vitamins C and E, beta-carotene, zinc oxide, and copper oxide, and, while the NEI does not recommend everyone follow the same regimen, experts do advise making sure you get plenty of these nutrients in a healthy diet. So, try:
•Vitamin C: citrus fruits, strawberries, bell peppers, brussel sprouts, and broccoli
• Vitamin E: avocados, nuts, seeds, wheat germ
• Beta-carotene: foods that are bright orange or deep green, including carrots, sweet potatoes, apricots, peaches, and leafy greens such as kale, collards, and spinach
• Zinc: turkey, chicken, oysters, chick peas, fortified cereal
Go Fish: Omega-3 fatty acids, plentiful in oily fish such as salmon and sardines, and nuts such as walnuts are not only terrific for your heart, but they may help reduce your risk of macular degeneration.
10 AnswersAge-related macular degeneration is the most common reason for vision loss. It comes in two forms: wet and dry.
"Dry" macular degeneration is the more common form. Although the exact cause is unknown, we know that those who smoke and have high blood pressure are most affected by this form of macular degeneration. There are no good treatments for dry macular degeneration, but fortunately it often progresses very slowly.
"Wet" macular degeneration occurs when abnormal blood vessels form under the retina. The vessels eventually leak blood elements and damage the retina.
In some instances, laser treatment can improve or slow the progress of wet macular degeneration. We also know that multivitamins can delay or in some cases prevent early wet macular degeneration from becoming "eye blinding" wet in some people.
Finally, we know that macular degeneration isn't as much of a genetic condition as it is one of lifestyle. Making the many lifestyle choices that keep your arteries young will reduce your chances of developing both forms of macular degeneration.
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2 AnswersJohns Hopkins Medicine answered
There are two primary types of age-related macular degeneration AMD:
Dry AMD - This type of AMD is the most common. While its cause is unknown, it occurs as the light sensitive cells in the macula slowly deteriorate, generally occurring in one eye at a time.
Wet AMD - This type of AMD is less common, but accounts for almost all severe vision loss caused by either type of AMD. Wet AMD occurs when new blood vessels behind the retina start to grow beneath the retina where they leak fluid and blood, and can create a large blind spot in the center of the visual field. If this happens, there is a marked disturbance of vision in a short period of time.