It has been proven that people with diets high in fruits and vegetables (especially leafy green vegetables and colorful berries) have a lower incidence of macular degeneration. This is also helped by high levels of the nutrient flavonoids, as well as lutein and zeaxanthin (both found in egg yolks), and lycopene (in tomatoes). In fact, those with high levels of these nutrients had only half the risk of Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD).
Fish oils and nuts are protective.
Red wine is protective. But beer can worsen ARMD.
Recommended nutritional supplements:
Research suggests that a mix of nutrients is more effective than individual ones for ARMD. "Ocudyne II" capsules by Nutricology is good (easily found in many online shops), along with:
- Bilberry extract (25% extract) 40-80 mg 3x day.
- Zinc 25-50 mg a day.
- Vitamin C 1,000 mg 3x day.
- Vitamin E (must be natural and mixed tocopherols) 600 units/day.
- Selenium 200 mcg a day.
- Ginkgo Biloba (standardized to 24%) 40-80 mg 3x day.
Protect your eyes with sunglasses that have UV protection. Ultraviolet rays are believed to cause damage to the pigment cells in the retina.
Quit smoking. Smoking worsens circulation to the retinal blood vessels.
Make reading easier:
- Use a halogen light. These have less glare than standard light bulbs.
- Shine the light directly on your reading material. This improves the contrast and makes the print easier to see.
- Use a hand-held magnifier. A cheap drugstore magnifier can increase the print size dramatically.
For "wet" ARMD (when new, but fragile, blood vessels try to regrow to support the macula) - your eye doctor may recommend laser treatments, which can be added to the treatments above.