Lung Disease and Respiratory System

Lung Disease and Respiratory System

Diseases, pollutants and genetics can affect your respiratory health. The simple cold - which is caused by more than 200 different viruses - inflames the upper respiratory tract, resulting in a cough, runny nose and sneezing. A more severe cough combined with mucus is a sign of bronchitis, where the membranes lining the bronchial tubes become inflamed. The inflammatory lung disease asthma affects more than 20 million people, making airways constrict when exposed to irritants like dust, pet dander and cigarette smoke. Pneumonia, another inflammation of the lungs, can occur because of a bacterial or viral infection. People suffering from cystic fibrosis, an inherited lung disease, frequently battle bacterial infections and airways clogged with thick and sticky mucus.

Recently Answered

  • 1 Answer
    A

    Yoga: Yoga uses controlled breathing patterns to increase respiratory efficiency. Clinical study has found that at high altitude, subjects practicing yoga had improved oxygen use and ventilation and reduced changes in their blood that resembled Himalayan natives. More research is needed to further clarify the use of yoga in treatment of altitude sickness.

    Yoga is generally considered to be safe in healthy individuals when practiced appropriately. Avoid some inverted poses with disc disease of the spine, fragile or atherosclerotic neck arteries, risk for blood clots, extremely high or low blood pressure, glaucoma, detachment of the retina, ear problems, severe osteoporosis, or cervical spondylitis. Certain yoga breathing techniques should be avoided in people with heart or lung disease. Use cautiously with a history of psychotic disorders. Yoga techniques are believed to be safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding when practiced under the guidance of expert instruction (the popular Lamaze techniques are based on yogic breathing). However, poses that put pressure on the uterus, such as abdominal twists, should be avoided in pregnancy.

    You should read product labels, and discuss all therapies with a qualified healthcare provider. Natural Standard information does not constitute medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.



    For more information visit https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/

    Copyright © 2014 by Natural Standard Research Collaboration. All Rights Reserved.

  • 1 Answer
    A
    Traumatic asphyxia is when a violent blow or compression of the chest and rib cage causes breathing to stop. Purple discoloration of the upper trunk and bright red color in the eyes is commonly seen. This requires CPR and immediate medical treatment. (This answer provided for NATA by the University of Montana Athletic Training Education Program.)
  • 2 Answers
    A
    A hemothorax is when blood is present inside the chest wall. It is caused by either a punctured lung or a tearing in the lining of the lung involving the blood vessels in that area. Severe pain during breathing, difficulty breathing, or coughing up blood are all signs that a hemothorax has occurred. (This answer provided for NATA by the University of Montana Athletic Training Education Program.)
    See All 2 Answers
  • 1 Answer
    A

    A number of diseases and conditions can cause lungs to become so dysfunctional that one or both of them may need to be replaced through transplantation. These can include:

    • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): This disease, which mainly includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema, involves obstruction of airflow through the airways and out of the lungs, and is usually permanent and progressive.
    • Pulmonary fibrosis or interstitial lung disease (ILD): ILD is a general term that includes many chronic lung disorders in which the lung is damaged, the walls of the air sacs become inflamed and then scarring (i.e., pulmonary fibrosis) begins in the tissue between the air sacs (interstitium). This causes the lungs to become stiff and smaller in volume.
    • Cystic fibrosis: This genetic disease is characterized by the production of abnormal secretions and damage to airways, leading to mucus buildup that impairs respiration when it occurs in the lungs.
    • Bronchiectasis: In this disorder, the airways become enlarged and distended, forming pockets where infection can develop. As a result, the lining of the airways become altered, which damages the lung's cleaning system and causes dust, mucus, and bacteria to accumulate, and infection to occur.
    • Pulmonary hypertension: This rare disorder in which the pressure in the pulmonary circulation is above normal levels can cause permanent damage to the lungs and become life-threatening. When there is no known cause, it is called primary pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary hypertension that occurs as a result of other disorders is called secondary pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary hypertension caused by abnormal development and defects in the heart and great vessels is called Eisenmenger's syndrome.
    • Sarcoidosis: A systemic disease in which chronic inflammation causes granulomas (small lumps) to develop in body tissues -- often in the lungs.
    • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis: This rare disease is characterized by a proliferation of muscle cells that cause the airways, blood and lymph vessels to become obstructed.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    Symptoms of central airway obstruction include shortness of breath, recurrent pneumonias, or coughing up blood. Relief of tracheal or bronchial obstruction can often relieve these symptoms and improve quality of life for patients.
  • 1 Answer
    A

    Immediate descent is the best treatment for high-altitude pulmonary edema. This is of the utmost urgency and should not be delayed until morning, as delay may be fatal. If oxygen is available it should be administered as well. People with high-altitude pulmonary edema usually survive if they descend soon enough and far enough, and usually recover completely.

    (This answer provided for NATA by the Marist College Athletic Training Education Program.)

  • 1 Answer
    A
    When you hyperventilate, it is not because you are not getting enough oxygen. The problem is that your carbon dioxide is too low in relationship to the amount of oxygen you are taking in. (This answer provided for NATA by the University of Montana Athletic Training Education Program.)
  • 1 Answer
    A
    AHealthyWomen answered
    Acute bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi, the air passages or tubes to the lungs. Symptoms include:
    • A fever of 100 to 102 degrees Fahrenheit
    • An irritating, dry, painful cough that starts to produce small amounts of white or light yellow sputum after two or three days; at this stage the fever often recedes, and the pain from coughing diminishes. If your sputum is yellow-green or green in color, you may have a bacterial infection.
    • Even after the condition improves, a slight cough commonly remains for another week or two. Most cases of acute bronchitis simply represent continued inflammation from viral infection, rather than a bacterial complication. Many people benefit from short-term use of an inhaled bronchodilator such as albuterol.
    You usually don't need antibiotics, regardless of how long your cough has lasted. However, if you have a cough for three weeks or more, you should be carefully evaluated to rule out pneumonia or bacterial bronchitis. If you are producing green secretions when you cough, you may have a bacterial infection and need antibiotics.
  • 2 Answers
    A
    AScripps Health answered

    Altitude sickness is caused by lack of oxygen at higher altitudes. Symptoms include headache, nausea and dizziness. Medication can help prevent altitude sickness by making it easier for the body to adjust to rapidly increasing elevation.

    See All 2 Answers
  • 1 Answer
    A
    Hyperventilation occurs when someone has an excessively rapid ventilation rate, usually due to anxiety-induced stress or asthma. Signs of hyperventilation include difficulty in breathing, a feeling of panic, gasping, or wheezing.

    Hyperventilation is treated by focusing on breathing in through the nose and out through the mouth, inhaling and exhaling through one nostril while the other one is pinched and the mouth is closed, or breathing in and out of a bag. (This answer provided for NATA by the University of Montana Athletic Training Education Program.)