What causes prostate enlargement is unknown, so there's no practical cure. However, there are medications called 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors that might be able to temporarily reduce the size of the prostate over the course of several months. Additionally, there are steps you can take to minimize its symptoms. Men over age 40 should be aware that prolonged urination difficulties might be a sign of an enlarged prostate and should visit their doctor. Early detection will help prevent more serious problems like kidney, bladder, or urinary tract damage. Once diagnosed, make sure you urinate regularly, avoid drinking too much, exercise regularly, strengthen your pelvic muscles, and limit your caffeine and alcohol intake.