The fecal immunochemical test (FIT), also called an immunochemical fecal occult blood test (iFOBT), is a newer kind of test that also detects occult (hidden) blood in the stool. This test reacts to part of the human hemoglobin protein, which is found on red blood cells.
The FIT is done essentially the same way as the FOBT, but some people may find it easier to use because there are no drug or dietary restrictions (vitamins or foods do not affect the FIT) and sample collection may take less effort. This test is also less likely to react to bleeding from parts of the upper digestive tract, such as the stomach.
The FIT, like the FOBT, may not detect a tumor that is not bleeding, so multiple stool samples should be tested. And if the results are positive for hidden blood, a colonoscopy is required to investigate further. In order to be beneficial the test must be repeated every year.