A kidney transplant is recommended for persons who have serious kidney dysfunction and will not be able to live without dialysis or a transplant. Some of the kidney diseases for which transplants are done include the following conditions:
•Congenital renal obstructive disorders leading to hydronephrosis (the swelling of a kidney with urine), including ureteropelvic junction obstruction, vesicoureteral reflux (abnormal flow of urine from the bladder toward the kidneys), posterior urethral valves, prune belly syndrome, and megaureter
•Congenital nephrotic syndrome
•Nephropathic and juvenile cystinosi
•Polycystic kidney disease
•Hemolytic uremic syndrome
Your physician will advise you on whether a kidney transplant is an appropriate treatment option for your diagnosis.