Injuries, Wound and Trauma
1 AnswerTissue expansion can help the body grow additional skin to cover a wound. Often used for breast reconstruction, a balloon expander gradually stretches the skin, and the extra tissue is used for the procedure. Tissue expansion requires patience, since it can take a couple of months for the new tissue to grow.
1 AnswerMicrosurgery can be used to repair nerves and blood vessels if you have a severe wound. Microsurgery involves using specialized tools with microscopes to operate on body parts as small as 1 mm. Microsurgery is commonly used during breast reconstruction surgery, such as deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap or free-flap procedures. It can also be used to reattach a severed finger.
1 AnswerSevere wounds can cause pain, loss of function, have an unattractive appearance or all of the above. Fortunately, there are a number of plastic surgery techniques that can help.
- Skin grafts
- Tissue expansion
1 AnswerDavid Hanscom, MD, Neck & Spine Surgery, answeredPatients often wonder how soft tissue can be so painful. It’s because soft tissues are loaded with small and numerous pain fibers arranged in a kind of spider-web pattern. Irritated soft tissues give rise to some of the most painful conditions that afflict us, such as plantar fasciitis, tennis elbow, muscular tension headaches, chondromalacia of the kneecap, among others.
Even a heart attack is fundamentally a muscular pain: The heart muscle lacks oxygen and the soft tissue pain fibers around it are stimulated.
Find out more about this book:Back in Control: A spine surgeon's roadmap out of chronic pain
1 AnswerElissa Epel, PhD, MS, Integrative Medicine, answered
Early trauma is often ignored as a source of long-term stress. But there are irreversible changes that can happen in the brain and body, says Elissa Epel, PhD, associate professor of Psychiatry at the University of California, San Francisco.
The following steps should be taken when a child is exhibiting symptoms of heat exhaustion or stroke:
- Call 911 for immediate medical assistance.
- Get the child to a shady area, away from direct sunlight.
- Remove hot or wet clothing.
- Cool the child with wet towel, fan and/or ice packs under armpits, neck and groin.
- Monitor body temperature and continue cooling methods.
- Perform CPR if needed.
1 AnswerTo prevent your child from getting heat-related illness, make sure he or she drinks water or a sports drink before and during exercise, wears lightweight and light-colored clothing, applies sunscreen and gets adequate rest breaks in the shade. Parents should also schedule games during cooler times of the day, modify the activities according to weather conditions and make sure children are adequately acclimated to the change in temperature.
The symptoms of heat-related illness in children are:
- Heat cramps -- painful muscle cramps and spasms that occur in the legs, arms or abdomen
- Heat exhaustion -- elevated body temperature with rectal temperature below 104° F signs of dizziness, weakness, headache and nausea
- Heat stroke -- life-threatening emergency that requires immediate medical assistance. Rectal temperatures of more than 104° F, loss of balance, vomiting, confusion and fainting.
1 AnswerHealthwise answered
A person who is choking (has complete airway obstruction):
- Can't cry, talk, breathe, or cough.
- May grasp throat.
- May become severely anxious or agitated.
- May turn blue or dusky in color.
- May pass out.
A choking rescue procedure (the Heimlich maneuver) is used to clear an obstruction in adults and children older than 1 year. Back blows and chest thrusts are used in babies younger than 1 year.
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