Injuries, Wound and Trauma

Injuries, Wound and Trauma

The normal course of daily living ensures that at some point we will injure ourselves. The body is great at healing minor injuries, and first-aid basics will help keep injuries from becoming serious or infected. As we move up to more serious injuries, again knowing what to do first is important, even if follow-up care must be done by a medic or hospital emergency room. It's always better to prevent injury if you can. Pay attention to hazards that can cause falls. In the kitchen use cutting blocks and sharp knives - they are safer because you use less pressure while cutting.

Recently Answered

  • 1 Answer
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    ARoss Rudolph, MD, Plastic/reconstructive Surgery, answered on behalf of Scripps Health
    Tissue expansion can help the body grow additional skin to cover a wound. Often used for breast reconstruction, a balloon expander gradually stretches the skin, and the extra tissue is used for the procedure. Tissue expansion requires patience, since it can take a couple of months for the new tissue to grow.
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    ARoss Rudolph, MD, Plastic/reconstructive Surgery, answered on behalf of Scripps Health
    Microsurgery can be used to repair nerves and blood vessels if you have a severe wound. Microsurgery involves using specialized tools with microscopes to operate on body parts as small as 1 mm. Microsurgery is commonly used during breast reconstruction surgery, such as deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap or free-flap procedures. It can also be used to reattach a severed finger. 
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    ARoss Rudolph, MD, Plastic/reconstructive Surgery, answered on behalf of Scripps Health
    Severe wounds can cause pain, loss of function, have an unattractive appearance or all of the above. Fortunately, there are a number of plastic surgery techniques that can help.
    • Skin grafts
    • Microsurgery
    • Tissue expansion
    Regardless of the actual procedure, it’s important to know that, these are serious surgeries and require longer periods of recovery time. It could be a few months before the skin around the wound looks or feels “normal.”
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    ADavid Hanscom, MD, Neck & Spine Surgery, answered
    Patients often wonder how soft tissue can be so painful. It’s because soft tissues are loaded with small and numerous pain fibers arranged in a kind of spider-web pattern. Irritated soft tissues give rise to some of the most painful conditions that afflict us, such as plantar fasciitis, tennis elbow, muscular tension headaches, chondromalacia of the kneecap, among others.

    Even a heart attack is fundamentally a muscular pain: The heart muscle lacks oxygen and the soft tissue pain fibers around it are stimulated. 
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    AUCLA Health answered
    Typical signs and symptoms that you or a loved one may be overheating include:
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • abdominal cramping
    • confusion
    • dizziness
    • headache
    • muscle cramping
    • difficulty breathing
    • red-hot skin
    • loss of consciousness
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    AElissa Epel, PhD, MS, Integrative Medicine, answered
    How does early trauma in childhood affect health?

    Early trauma is often ignored as a source of long-term stress. But there are irreversible changes that can happen in the brain and body, says Elissa Epel, PhD, associate professor of Psychiatry at the University of California, San Francisco.

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    AUCLA Health answered

    The following steps should be taken when a child is exhibiting symptoms of heat exhaustion or stroke:

    • Call 911 for immediate medical assistance.
    • Get the child to a shady area, away from direct sunlight.
    • Remove hot or wet clothing.
    • Cool the child with wet towel, fan and/or ice packs under armpits, neck and groin.
    • Monitor body temperature and continue cooling methods.
    • Perform CPR if needed.
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    AUCLA Health answered
    To prevent your child from getting heat-related illness, make sure he or she drinks water or a sports drink before and during exercise, wears lightweight and light-colored clothing, applies sunscreen and gets adequate rest breaks in the shade. Parents should also schedule games during cooler times of the day, modify the activities according to weather conditions and make sure children are adequately acclimated to the change in temperature.
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    AUCLA Health answered

    The symptoms of heat-related illness in children are:

    • Heat cramps -- painful muscle cramps and spasms that occur in the legs, arms or abdomen
    • Heat exhaustion -- elevated body temperature with rectal temperature below 104° F signs of dizziness, weakness, headache and nausea
    • Heat stroke -- life-threatening emergency that requires immediate medical assistance. Rectal temperatures of more than 104° F, loss of balance, vomiting, confusion and fainting.
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    AHealthwise answered

    A person who is choking (has complete airway obstruction):

    • Can't cry, talk, breathe, or cough.
    • May grasp throat.
    • May become severely anxious or agitated.
    • May turn blue or dusky in color.
    • May pass out.

    A choking rescue procedure (the Heimlich maneuver) is used to clear an obstruction in adults and children older than 1 year. Back blows and chest thrusts are used in babies younger than 1 year.

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