- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Germs spread this way.
- Try to avoid close contact with sick people.
1 AnswerTake everyday steps to protect your health:
1 AnswerHealthwise answered
The seroconversion period is a time during which a person who has an infection does not test positive for it. This period occurs before a person has produced a high enough number of antibodies for a test to detect the condition.
Antibodies are proteins made by the body's natural defense system (immune system) to attack and destroy foreign substances, such as bacteria and viruses. The seroconversion period is also called the antibody development period.
The length of the seroconversion period depends on the type of infection. For example, with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the seroconversion period is usually between 1 and 3 months, although it can be as short as 2 weeks or as long as 6 months. During the seroconversion period, an infected person can transmit the disease or condition even if he or she does not have signs of the infection.
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1 AnswerHealthwise answered
Relapsing fever is an infectious disease that can be passed to humans by ticks. Relapsing fever is most common in the western United States. Symptoms usually start three to 11 days (average six days) after the tick bite. They may last for several days, go away and then return (relapse) several days later. Symptoms of relapsing fever include:
- High fever that begins suddenly.
- Headache, often severe.
- Rapid heart rate.
- Muscle aches (myalgia).
- Abdominal pain.
- General feeling of illness (malaise).
- Rash (up to 50 percent of cases).
Prescription medicine is used to treat relapsing fever.
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1 AnswerIn the United States, a risk of human illnesses from animals, especially to young children, is getting infected with germs that cause vomiting, diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramping. Animals can also carry germs that cause other kinds of diseases, such as rabies. Animals may have germs on their bodies and in their droppings, even when they appear clean and healthy. The germs can also get on cages, bedding, and wherever animals roam or walk around, and can contaminate these areas.
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2 AnswersBecause fever helps the body fight infection, it is helpful to give medicine only after the fever is above 101 degrees F (38.4 degrees C).
Do not give your child aspirin. Studies have linked aspirin with brain, liver, and kidney damage and Reye's syndrome.
The best way to bring down a fever is to give acetaminophen. Common brand names for acetaminophen are Tylenol, Tempra, Liquiprin, and Panadol. These drugs reduce fever and relieve pain. Antibiotics do not reduce fever or relieve pain.
Acetaminophen comes in drops, syrup, and chewable tablets. The dose (amount given) is based on your child's weight. Most bottles will have a chart with the correct dose by weight on it. It is important to know that drops are usually stronger than syrup so you do not have to use as much.
Be sure to read the directions carefully. Acetaminophen may be given every four hours, but only give the amount that is recommended on the bottle.
If you are unsure about the correct dose of a medicine, call your doctor. Another medicine that will bring down a temperature is ibuprofen. Some brand names of ibuprofen are PediaProfen and Advil. PediaProfen comes in a liquid form. Advil is either a liquid or a pill. Ibuprofen is approved for children six months of age and older, but it should never be given to children who are dehydrated or vomiting (throwing up) continuously.
Follow the directions carefully and do not use more than the prescribed dose. Shake the bottle well before giving a dose to your child.
Remember that a low fever (under 101 degrees F) itself is not harmful, but it often makes you feel achy, irritable, and miserable. If your child is uncomfortable, acetaminophen may help.
1 AnswerIf your child's temperature is above 100.4 degrees F, a variety of methods can be used to reduce the fever. The goal is to help heat leave the child's body without causing the child to shiver or have goose bumps. Shivering actually causes the temperature to go up. A fever can be brought down in the following ways:
- Dress your child in thin pajamas, shorts, underwear, or diapers. It is normal to want to bundle the child, but bundling will increase the temperature.
- Cover your child with only a sheet or leave him uncovered. Do not cover with blankets until the temperature returns to normal.
- Make sure the room gets lots of moving air. Small fans may be used to keep air moving.
- Give your child lots of fluids. Fluids are needed to help get rid of infection and replace the fluids that are lost through the skin during a fever.
1 AnswerDifferent types of thermometers operate on different parts of the body. If you suspect your child has a fever, take a temperature. This can be done by placing a thermometer under your child's tongue, under the arm in the armpit area, in your child's ear, or in the rectum.
If you choose the rectal method, be sure to use a thermometer designed for the rectum. When using a digital thermometer, carefully read and follow the instructions found on the package insert before use. Never insert the thermometer tip farther than 1/2 inch, or as instructed. The tip of this thermometer is more round than the oral or armpit thermometers. Also, a rectal temperature is usually one degree higher than an oral or armpit temperature.
Do not use fever strips because they are not accurate.
1 AnswerA surgical site infection is an infection that occurs after surgery in the part of the body where the surgery took place.
If your child has a surgical site infection:
- The area where your child had surgery may be red and painful.
- The area where your child had surgery may drain cloudy liquid.
- Your child may have a fever.
1 AnswerA surgical site infection is an infection that occurs after surgery in the part of the body where the surgery took place. Most patients who have surgery do not develop an infection.
To prevent a surgical site infection in your child:
- Ask your healthcare providers if your child will get antibiotics before surgery.
- Make sure your healthcare providers clean their hands before examining your child.
- Ask family and friends to clean their hands before visiting your child.
- Don't let family and friends who visit your child touch the surgical wound or dressing.
- Before you take your child home, make sure the doctor or nurse has explained how to take care of the surgery site.
- Know the signs and symptoms of a surgical site infection.
1 AnswerAirborne infections are spread through the air. If your child has an airborne infection, you may be asked to be tested to see if you can spread your child's germs, too. Your child needs to stay in a room with special ventilation, so she will not be able to go for walks or rides outside her room. Always wash your hands before leaving the room.
Here are some precautions during isolation for some airborne infections:
- Chickenpox: If you have never had chickenpox, tell your child's nurse. Wash your hands before leaving your child's room. You do not need to wear a mask.
- Measles: If you have never had measles, and you have never received the measles vaccine, you need to wear a mask. If you have had measles or you have received the measles vaccine, you do not need to wear a mask.
- Tuberculosis (TB): You may be asked to wear a mask when going to and from your child's room. You will have to do this until your child's doctor knows if you can spread TB or not. You may have to be tested to see if you can spread TB. You do not need to wear a mask in your child's room, even though the hospital staff will wear masks.