Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone regulates many of your bodily functions, such as heart rate and metabolism. Congenital hypothyroidism is a thyroid disorder that occurs at birth when the function of a baby's thyroid gland is severely reduced. In some cases of congenital hypothyroidism babies are born without a thyroid gland, or the gland is completely nonfunctional.
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Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Susie Whitworth, PhD, Nursing, answeredCongenital hypothyroidism affects infants from birth. The condition results when there is complete or partial loss of function of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland makes hormones that contain iodine, which plays an important part in regulating the infant’s brain development, growth and metabolism. In many cases, the thyroid gland is completely absent. If treatment begins within the first month of life, the infant may have normal development.