HPV

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    AHealthyWomen answered
    The human papillomavirus (HPV) test in combination with the Pap test is better at identifying women at risk for developing cervical cancer than the Pap test alone. The HPV test should be done every five years along with Pap test in women ages 30-65. It should also be done every five years in younger women with inconclusive Pap tests. 
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    Under the Affordable Care Act, one of the women’s preventive services that is covered without cost-sharing requirements includes HPV DNA testing. Women who are 30 or older will have access to high­risk human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing every three years, regardless of pap smear results. Early screening, detection and treatment have been shown to help reduce the prevalence of cervical cancer. 
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    AElizabeth Poynor, MD, Obstetrics & Gynecology, answered
    When should women start being tested for human papillomavirus (HPV)?

    Women over the age of 30 should be screened annually for human papillomavirus (HPV), says Elizabeth Poynor, MD, PhD, a gynecologist-oncologist in New York City. In this video, she explains why you should get the test.


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    Boys and girls should get all three doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine when they are 11 or 12 years old. If a teen or young adult (through age 26) has not started or finished the series of three HPV vaccine shots, it's not too late! If it has been a long time since your child got the first or second dose of HPV vaccine, you don’t have to start over -- just get the remaining shot(s) as soon as possible. Make an appointment today to get your child vaccinated.

    (The presence of the CDC logo and CDC content on this page should not be construed to imply endorsement by the U.S. government of any commercial products or services, or to replace the advice of a medical professional. The mark “CDC” is licensed under authority of the PHS.)

     

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    APaul Hokemeyer, PhD, Marriage/family Therapy, answered

    Once you know you are going to have a sexual relationship with someone, but before you actually do. HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that can be prevented and contained. It's important, therefore, for people who know they're infected to help stop it from spreading to others. The best way to do this is to be honest with potential sexual partners so that responsible decisions can be made about a mature, informed, and consensual sexual act.

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    APaul Hokemeyer, PhD, Marriage/family Therapy, answered

    Tell your partner in an honest and direct way. An example of this is, "I'm very attracted to you and I need to let you know before we get sexually intimate that I have HPV." You don't need to make any excuses or apologize. Most people are afraid of disclosing their HPV status for fear of being rejected or judged in a negative light. If you fall into this category, you should rethink your relationship with your potential sexual partner. The most rewarding sex occurs in a relationship of trust and measured vulnerability. Sex that lacks these elements is transactional in more cases then not and leads to disappointment and regret.

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    AUCLA Health answered
    Initially, Kellie Ernzen Kruger, M.D., internal medicine-pediatrics specialist at UCLA Medical Center, Santa Monica heard concern from some parents about the potential for their children to receive the wrong message from being given the vaccine. Administration of the vaccine is accompanied by counseling designed to convey what it protects against and what it doesn’t, as well as the other risk factors associated with sex. When all of this is explained, Dr. Kruger says, “most parents are very supportive of giving this to their daughter.”
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    AUCLA Health answered
    The vaccine, generally given as a series of three shots over a six-month period, is typically recommended for girls at about the age of 11, says Kellie Ernzen Kruger, M.D., internal medicine-pediatrics specialist at UCLA Medical Center, Santa Monica. “Ideally, we want to vaccinate before the onset of any sexual activity,” Dr. Kruger explains.

    Even for nonimmunized older girls and young women who might have been exposed to the human papillomavirus (HPV) through sexual activity or who know they are HPV positive, it is unlikely that they have all of the strains the vaccine prevents; thus, the vaccine is recommended for them as well. Dr. Kruger notes that the vaccine is considered highly safe and causes no significant side effects.
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    AUCLA Health answered

    UCLA gynecologic oncologist Sanaz Memarzadeh, M.D., Ph.D., notes that although the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is aimed at only two of HPV’s cancer-causing subtypes, recent studies suggest that it may also carry some protective benefit against other strains that share its key genetic elements. Because the HPV vaccine does not prevent all cervical cancers, women are strongly urged to continue obtaining regular Pap smears even if they have been vaccinated.

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    AUCLA Health answered
    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted disease that is associated with several types of cancer. Parents need to make an informed decision about whether their children should be vaccinated. When the HPV vaccine first came out in 2006, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommended it for girls only, since the disease was most closely associated with cervical cancer. But additional studies linking HPV to cancers that also affect men prompted the FDA to approve the vaccine for boys in 2009.