Secondary high blood pressure is a much rarer problem and is caused by an underlying, or secondary, condition. For instance, secondary high blood pressure can be caused by conditions that affect your kidneys, arteries, heart or endocrine system. Some pregnant women get high blood pressure as a result of being pregnant.
Primary high blood pressure (we simply call it high blood pressure or hypertension) has no known cause. But there are various factors that contribute to it, and therefore there are steps you can take to help prevent or delay it. Here are some things you can do to keep your blood pressure in check:
• Eat a diet that is low in fat and sodium (salt)
• Enjoy regular physical activity
• Maintain a healthy weight
• Manage stress
• Don’t smoke
• Limit alcohol