Question

Heart Failure

What high-sodium foods should I avoid if I have heart failure?

A Answers (2)

  • ABrigham and Womens Hospital Team, Administration, answered on behalf of Brigham and Women's Hospital
    When you eat sodium or salt, your body holds on to water, which can make your heart failure worse. Eating low sodium (low salt) food can make you feel better. A low sodium diet means eating between 2,000 and 3,000 milligrams (mg) of sodium per day. Ask your doctor or nurse what is right for you.

    Things you can do:
    • Read food labels for the sodium amounts
    • Choose foods low in sodium
    Eat:
    • Fresh fruit
    • Fresh vegetables
    • Fresh meat
    • Fresh fish
    Things not to do:
    • Do not put salt on your food
    Do not eat:
    • Cheese
    • Deli meat
    • Canned foods
    • Salted snack foods
    • Mixed spices with hidden sodium (salt)
    Your doctor, nurse, or dietician can help you choose foods that are low in sodium. They can help you change your favorite meals and recipes to be lower in sodium.
  • ANasir Sulemanjee, MD, Cardiology, answered on behalf of Aurora Health Care
    Foods high in sodium to avoid if you have heart failure include:
    • Cured, smoked, or canned meats including lunch meats and sausage
    • Vegetable or tomato juices
    • Foods with salt toppings such as saltines
    • Cheese, especially processed cheeses
    • Canned vegetables unless low sodium or no salt added
    • Regular canned soup or broth
    • Seasonings/condiments such as soy sauce, steak sauce, mustard, ketchup and monosodium glutamate (MSG)
    • Processed foods such as box mixes of pasta, rice, or stuffing
    • Foods in a salt brine such as sauerkraut, pickles, olives, and salted fish
    • Pizza
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