The goals of heart valve disease treatment are to:
- Prevent, treat, or relieve the symptoms of other related heart conditions.
- Protect your valve from further damage.
- Repair or replace faulty valves when they cause severe symptoms or become life threatening. Man-made or biological valves are used as replacements.
Prevent, treat, or relieve the symptoms of other related heart conditions
To relieve the symptoms of heart conditions related to heart valve disease, your doctor may ask you to quit smoking and follow a healthy eating plan low in salt, cholesterol, and fat.
People who have heart valve disease are commonly prescribed medicines to:
- Treat heart failure. Heart failure medicines widen blood vessels and rid the body of too much fluid.
- Lower blood pressure or blood cholesterol levels.
- Prevent irregular heartbeats.
- Thin the blood and prevent clots (for people who have man-made valves). These medicines also are prescribed for mitral stenosis or other valve defects that make you prone to developing blood clots.
This answer from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute has been reviewed and/or edited by Dr. William D. Knopf.