Regular physical activity done in moderation is safe and encouraged for your cardiovascular health. Biking and walking are good aerobic exercises. You should pay close attention to how you are feeling while exercising, and notify your health care provider if you experience dizziness, palpitations, shortness of breath or chest pain.
Competitive sports and more strenuous activities may be safe, but are dependent on the size of your aorta and degree of aortic valve disease. If you wish to participate in these activities, you should discuss this with your health care provider to determine if it would be safe for you.
You should avoid weight-lifting or work that involves heavy lifting or straining. This puts undue stress on the aorta.
Bicuspid aortic valve disease does not prevent you from developing other types of heart disease. Therefore, it is recommended you eat a well-balanced diet low in fat and cholesterol.
Personal habits that may be affected include:
- Do not smoke tobacco or use any products containing tobacco.
- Schedule regular medical evaluations with your health care team.
- Maintain good dental hygiene by brushing and flossing your teeth regularly, and visit the dentist every six months.
- Do not use any street drugs, like marijuana, cocaine or methamphetamine, because these drugs can have dangerous effects on your heart.
- Do not take nonprescription cold medication without talking to your health care provider.