Older people who are more socially engaged also develop fewer memory problems. Reduced involvement with relatives and friends has been linked to having worsened memory. Fortunately, more social involvement has similarly been linked to a reduced rate of developing memory problems. In a study testing over 6000 seniors across about 5 1/2 years, seniors having frequent social engagement had a slower decline in intellectual and memory abilities. Good mental capacity was maintained best in those people who were the most socially active. So chatting with neighbors and friends today may help keep the brain sharp for years to come.
Aging is a natural part of life that can be active, productive and satisfying. While aging is not reversible, gerontologists (doctors who specialize in aging) know many ways to prevent health problems and ensure well-being into the later years. Advice is much the same as for any age: exercise, nutrition, vitamins and herbs, and stress-relieving activities. We also all know that aging can bring on many illnesses and disorders. It is important to continue getting good healthcare into your old age.
3 AnswersDawn Marcus, Neurology, answeredResearchers in Australia followed senior citizens for 10 years. In people 70 years old and older, the risk of dying decreased by 20 percent when people had a strong network of friends. Having social interactions with friends provided a greater effect than interactions with family members. So while we children may think that we and the grandkids should be enough to keep Grandpa engaged, it's essential that seniors develop relationships outside of their family. Visiting with and walking a quiet, well behaved dog can be a great way to help seniors shift focus from their own concerns onto those of other two- and four-legged friends.
Older people who are more socially engaged also develop fewer memory problems. Reduced involvement with relatives and friends has been linked to having worsened memory. Fortunately, more social involvement has similarly been linked to a reduced rate of developing memory problems. In a study testing over 6000 seniors across about 5 1/2 years, seniors having frequent social engagement had a slower decline in intellectual and memory abilities. Good mental capacity was maintained best in those people who were the most socially active. So chatting with neighbors and friends today may help keep the brain sharp for years to come.Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.
1 AnswerHuman growth hormone (HGH) has been used as an anti-aging treatment for a long time with some evidence of beneficial effects in elderly patients. HGH supplements may increase muscle mass, enhance the immune function, increase libido, and increase overall energy level. However, the long-term effects may be more adverse because of increased osteoarthritis, higher glucose or diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, weight gain, and promotion of growth of pre-existing tumors and cancers such as prostate and colon.
Other hormonal therapies such as DHEA, melatonin, and sex hormones show promise, but there are no good studies to date in humans to recommend them for long-term use as an anti-aging program. Selected use of bio-identical sex hormones such as testosterone in men and estrogen and progesterone in women will improve quality of life, bone and lean muscle mass, reduce hormone-related symptoms, and reduce fatigue.
1 AnswerIdeal body weight, waist circumference, waist/hip ratio, and body composition are important. The ideal body weight is based on body weight and body mass index. The percent body fat in men should be less than 18% and in women less than 22% with increases in percent lean muscle mass to improve insulin sensitivity and other hormonal and physiological functions. The waist circumference should be less than 36 inches in men and less than 31 inches in women. The waist-hip ratio should be less than 1.0 in both genders.
2 AnswersAging is when the body shifts from a constructive (anabolism) to a destructive (catabolism) state. Anabolism is the replenishing of the body’s systems with new and stronger tissue, a rejuvenating or building mode. Catabolism is the breaking down of the body’s physiological systems. Physiological functions peak in the twenties, plateaus in the thirties, and then begins a sharp descent in the forties. In the U.S. the “decade of vulnerability” occurs at the age of 40 to 50 years. During this time, the male ages 15.2 years and the female ages 18.6 years.Helpful? 2 people found this helpful.
3 AnswersEric Olsen, Fitness, answered
Anything we can do to reduce the number of free radicals produced in our bodies or consumed in our food and air, or anything we can do to enhance the body's natural repair systems, should, in theory, slow aging. These repair systems can be strengthened and aided through changes in health habits.
- Exercise: Exercise may combat the effects of free radicals by stimulating the body to produce more natural antioxidants.
- Stress reduction - The stress-reducing effects of exercise and meditation may also help reduce the harmful effects of free radicals. Japanese researchers have found oxidative damage to DNA produced by psychological stress.
- A smokeless lifestyle: Each puff of a cigarette contains billions of free radicals, and so does each inhalation of second-hand smoke.
- Vitamin supplementation - Vitamins C, E, and beta carotene may also help. These vitamins act as antioxidants and "scavenge" free radicals.
- Diet: Some research suggests that caloric restriction -- what researchers somewhat euphemistically call "controlled undernutrition" -- may also slow the ravaging of free radicals. Cutting caloric intake to 60 percent of normal (but not nutritional intake) seems to increase longevity by as much as 50 percent, at least in lab animals.
- Turn down the heat: Along the same lines as controlled undernutrition, research with fruit flies and fish suggests that living in a cold environment may promote longevity, perhaps by slowing the rate at which free radicals introduce "noise" or mistakes into the cell's DNA-based information system. Attempts to reproduce the effect in the lab haven't been as successful, however. And the relevance of findings involving fruit flies and fish to humans is an open question.
Find out more about this book:Lifefit: An Effective Exercise Program for Optimal Health and a Longer Life
2 AnswersShelley Webb, Nursing, answeredWhen traveling with elderly parents, allow a lot of extra time when traveling by plane, train, boat, or bus. Senior adults do not move quickly. Call ahead to determine if special services are available for senior citizens. Make your exact needs known. When traveling by plane, train or bus, attempt to obtain seats at the front so that the senior won't have to navigate the narrow aisles. When traveling by car, allow for frequent bathroom breaks. Remember that seniors need something to occupy their traveling time, as well. The car radio or in-flight movie is not always loud enough for them to hear. Bring some cards, a photo album, earphones (if they can utilize them), snacks, or a large print book. Remember that although fluids will cause more bathroom breaks, it's important not to restrict them because that can cause urinary tract infections. When staying at a hotel or motel, check for ADA accessible rooms that have walk-in showers, handrails in the bathrooms, as well as other important amenities. These types of rooms are becoming more available.
2 AnswersHealthy aging means using the positive aspects of your age, including expertise gained from life experiences, while you minimize the negative aspects such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and other medical problems. In doing this, you may increase your lifespan, as well as the number of years you are active and vital.
2 AnswersNot only are their visible signs of aging, but comprehensive research has found it is common in men over age 50 to require longer periods of excitement to achieve a full erection. This is not necessarily related to any abnormality. Also, while it may take a little longer to experience full sexual pleasure, it definitely does not lessen the excitement you will feel. Think about it. While you may not run a mile as fast as you did at age 18, perhaps you now find more pleasure in the journey, noticing the trees and flowers along the way. The changes of aging may make it take longer to reach an erection, but this is not impotence. You can still enjoy sexual pleasure no matter what your age. You do not wear out your penis!
Skin changes happen with a decrease in the number of pigment cells in the skin after age 30. Since these cells allow tanning, there may be a difference in the ability to tan as evenly as before. And harmless spots made up of remaining pigment cells may appear. Skin may become thinner and may bruise more easily. Changes in the fibers and thickness of the skin can result in wrinkles and looser skin, especially in the face and neck.
The size of the abdomen may gradually increase after age 35 to 45. This is in part because of more fat deposits in the abdomen fat storage sites, even though the total body weight may not increase. After age 40 to 50, some of the fat tissue under the skin may disappear and over years bony prominences such as the spine, shoulder blades, and facial bones may become more apparent.
Graying of hair is another change you may notice in appearance. It is the result of loss of pigment cells which give hair its color. Graying is usually gradual and may begin in the 20s. More than half the population over age 50 has graying of the hair over the scalp. While hair loss is usually preceded by graying, thinning of the hair is another common change in aging men and women. In men the hair loss usually begins in the front of the scalp and gradually extends to cover the crown and top of the scalp. Men usually do not lose hair along the fringe of the scalp. In fact, this hair is usually a great source for transplanting to other areas of the scalp. Hair loss under the arms (axillary hair) also occurs normally in aging. The central hairs remain and are often grayer and thinner. Loss of axillary hair is common after age 60. Pubic hair and hair on the arms and legs may also decrease in the aging process.Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.
1 AnswerVonda Wright, MD, Orthopedic Surgery, answeredAs you age, the regeneration capacity of your cells slows down; your tissues become stiffer and perform less efficiently. There are many examples in nature, from insects to humans, of decreased performance with increased age. Because of this overall slowdown, your physical prowess changes over time.