Cabbage is a nutrient-dense, low-calorie food providing an excellent source of many nutrients, especially vitamin C, potassium, folic acid, vitamin B6, biotin, calcium, magnesium, and manganese. But, perhaps more important than the nutrient content of cabbage is its phytochemical content. In particular, cabbage contains powerful anti-cancer compounds known as glucosinolates. A 31/2-oz (100 g) serving of cooked cabbage provides 35 calories, 2.3 g of protein, no cholesterol, 0.4 g of fat, 7.2 g of carbohydrate, and 3.3 g of fiber.
A Answers (2)
Michael T Murray, Naturopathic Medicine, answered
Julie Daniluk, Nutrition & Dietetics, answered
Cabbage is an excellent source of vitamin K: Our bones depend on vitamin K (1) for strength. All types of cabbage are an excellent source of this fat soluble vitamin that helps in the mineralization of our bones. A deficiency of vitamin K (2) can cause minerals to be deposited into other body tissues, rather than in our bones, and can lead to damage such as the hardening of blood vessels.
Cabbage contains antioxidants: Cabbage has high levels of polyphenols – a large group of molecules recognized for their antioxidant power. One of the great things polyphenols does is protecting our bodies from oxidative damage, (3) especially our skin. Researchers show that people with a diet high in polyphenols experience less damage from UV rays than those with poor polyphenols intake.
Cabbage contains essential fatty acids: Cabbage has a surprisingly good content of essential fatty acids (EFAs), (4) especially alpha-linolenic acid (a type of Omega 3). EFAs are needed more in people with inflammatory conditions – research shows that EFAs significantly improve inflammation in cystic fibrosis. (5)