Healthcare Basics

What does a neurologist do?

A Answers (4)

  • ASteven Meyers, MD, Neurology, answered on behalf of NorthShore University HealthSystem
    A neurologist is a medical doctor who treats diseases of the nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles. Common neurologic diseases include stroke, migraine, Parkinson disease, epilepsy, and multiple sclerosis.
  • ANicholas D Suite, Neurology, answered on behalf of MDLIVE

    A neurologist is a medical doctor who looks after patients with problems involving the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles. A neurologist will evaluate and care for individuals complaining of headaches, certain kinds of pain, memory loss, muscle weakness, seizures, head injuries, movement and balance disorders, among many other things.  

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  • AHealthwise answered
    Neurologists are medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of brain, spinal cord and nervous system diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, headaches, stroke or injury. A neurologist can order or interpret tests such as a computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or lumbar puncture to diagnose problems. He or she may conduct tests to evaluate how well a nerve or muscle is working. A neurologist can prescribe medications to treat diseases or may refer a person to another specialist if needed. Neurologists can be board-certified by the Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, which is recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties.

    This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. To learn more visit

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  • AMichael H. Williams, MD, Neurology, answered on behalf of Intermountain Healthcare

    A neurologist is a physician who is specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. After completing medical school a neurologist will complete 1 to 3 years of training in Internal Medicine (or pediatrics if he is to become a pediatric neurologist). He will then complete a 3 year residency in neurology. Some will get additional training (fellowship) in certain specific areas of neurology (e.g. epilepsy, muscle disorders, movement disorders, etc.).

    Common disorders that a neurologist may deal with include epilepsy, headaches, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, nerve/muscle problems, memory/thinking problems, and brain tumors. Problems involving the nervous system that involve abnormal behavior may benefit from seeing a neurologist, but these problems are generally dealt with by a psychiatrist.

    A typical visit to the neurologist would involve taking a detailed history of your problem. This would be followed with a detailed physical exam, focusing on the nervous system. Often times the neurologist may be involved in the ordering, performance and interpretation of such things as MRI brain scans, electroencephalograms, electromyograms/nerve conduction studies, and other diagnostic studies.

    After this process results in a diagnosis, the neurologist would then initiate and provide continuing nonsurgical care for the problem/condition that has been identified.

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