A hysterectomy is a surgery to remove a woman's uterus or womb. The uterus is where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. The whole uterus or just part of it may be removed. After a hysterectomy, you no longer have menstrual periods and cannot become pregnant.
During the hysterectomy, your doctor also may remove your fallopian tubes and ovaries. The ovaries produce eggs and hormones. The fallopian tubes carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. The cervix is the lower end of the uterus that joins the vagina. These organs are located in a woman's lower abdomen, as shown in the image below.
If you have not yet reached menopause and:You keep your ovaries during the hysterectomy, you may enter menopause at an earlier age than most women. Your ovaries are removed during the hysterectomy, you will enter menopause. You can talk with your doctor about ways to manage menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness.
Types of hysterectomy:Partial, subtotal, or supracervical removes just the upper part of the uterus. The cervix is left in place. Total removes the whole uterus and the cervix. Radical removes the whole uterus, the tissue on both sides of the cervix, and the upper part of the vagina. This is done mostly when there is cancer present.
This answer is based upon source information from the National Women's Health Information Center.