Gynecologic cancers are typically caused by a genetic mutation at the cellular level. Cells can begin to grow abnormally fast and form a tumor. These cells can then metastasize and infect other organs and body systems. Healthcare providers do not yet fully understand what causes cells to become cancerous.
A Answers (2)
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Mary Chappell, MD, Obstetrics & Gynecology, answered
The only cancer we really know "what causes it" is cervical cancer. The Human Papilloma Virus, especially types 16 and 18, cause most cervical cancers. Smoking increases a patient’s risk. So do immunocompromised states. There is now a vaccine for HPV strains 6, 11, 16, and 18.