- Q How do medications treat acid-base metabolism disorders?
Medications may be used to treat the underlying cause of the acid-base metabolism disorder. For example, uncontrolled diabetes may be treated with insulin. Sometimes medications are used to restore important chemicals like potassium and chloride. Sodium... Full Answer
- Q How do acid-base metabolism disorders affect the body?
The effects of acid-base metabolism disorders range from mild to severe symptoms. With acidosis, usually the body will start trying to restore pH balance by breathing more quickly and deeply, to get rid of more carbon dioxide. If acidosis continues, the... Full Answer
- Q How are acid-base metabolism disorders diagnosed?
Doctors diagnose acid-base metabolism disorders with blood and urine tests. The two main types of blood tests are electrolytes and blood gases. The urine test checks the pH of the urine. These and other tests can help identify the type and cause of an... Full Answer
- Q How does sodium bicarbonate affect acid-base metabolism disorders?
Sodium bicarbonate can temporarily relieve metabolic acidosis. In severe cases, it is sometimes given intravenously. However, taking an excess of sodium bicarbonate can cause the opposite imbalance, metabolic alkalosis, although this situation is rare. Full Answer
- Q Can using diuretics cause acid-base metabolism disorders?
Using diuretics can result in the excessive loss of potassium, which can lead to a metabolic alkalosis. In addition, overuse of diuretics can lead to dehydration, which can cause other acid-base metabolism disorders. Full Answer
- Q Can dehydration cause acid-base metabolism disorders?
Severe dehydration can cause both types of acid-base metabolism disorders, known as metabolic acidosis and metabolic alkalosis. If you or your child has symptoms of severe dehydration, you should seek emergency medical care immediately. Rehydration and... Full Answer
- Q Are acid-base metabolism disorders serious?
Acid-base metabolism disorders can be serious if left untreated, or if the cause of the disorder is a serious illness. Advanced cases of metabolic acidosis or alkalosis can result in severe breathing problems, shock, coma, and even death. If the person... Full Answer
- Q What are mixed acid-base disorders?
Mixed or complex acid-base disorders arise from imbalances in more than one type of molecule in the blood. These are commonly caused by metabolic acidosis or alkalosis.In recent years, scientists have come up with new ways to analyze and measure the... Full Answer
- Q What is the rate of incidence for acid-base metabolism disorders?
Although rates of incidence are difficult to determine, acid-base metabolism disorders are common in one particular group of people: those with critical illnesses and injuries. These disorders are especially common among people who need kidney... Full Answer
- Q Should I talk to my doctor about my acid-base metabolism disorder symptoms?
If you or your child experience symptoms that could be caused by an acid-base metabolism disorder, you should see your doctor. These symptoms may include hyperventilation, confusion, severe weakness or drowsiness, and increasing nausea. You should seek... Full Answer