General: There is no treatment for incontinentia pigmenti (IP). Instead, treatment aims to manage symptoms and prevent complications.
Dental care: Patients with IP require regular dental care, including brushing teeth after meals or at least twice daily. Patients with IP should have regular follow-up visits with a dentist. Orthodontic treatment may be recommended to straighten teeth if they are not aligned properly.
Eye care: Vision loss may be improved with corrective lenses, drugs, or even surgery in severe cases. Patients should be seen by an ophthalmologist as soon as possible following birth, monthly until three to four months of age, every three months until one year of age, twice yearly until three years of age, and yearly thereafter.
Neurological: Patients who have seizures, muscle spasms, or paralysis may be treated with drugs or medical devices. If neurological symptoms such as seizures are present, patients with IP should have regular follow-up visits with a neurologist.
Skin care: While skin abnormalities are usually the first apparent symptom of IP, they tend to fade by adolescence or adulthood. Patients may choose to use makeup to hide the abnormal coloration.
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