The following is the first aid treatment for sprains and strains:
- Seek medical help if unable to bear own weight or if you suspect fracture.
- If necessary, control bleeding by applying continuous firm pressure above the injured site. Cover with sterile dressing.
- Stabilize the injured area in position found. Splint if necessary
- Apply the RICE guidelines: Rest, Ice, Compress, and Elevate. Ice is a cold pack (mixture ice/water) through a barrier directly to area for up to 20 minutes or until uncomfortable. Reusable gel packs do not cool as well.