Whether or not fibromyalgia can be prevented is unclear. It is possible that some cases may be preventable, while others are not. For example, if your fibromyalgia develops following a physical or emotional trauma, such as a car crash, there isn't anything you can do about that. However, some cases of fibromyalgia seem to develop as a result of stress or not sleeping well. It seems reasonable to assume that making sure you get a good night's sleep and keeping your stress levels low will prevent fibromyalgia in these cases. Unfortunately, without knowing specifically what causes fibromyalgia, there's really no way of knowing. Either way, fibromyalgia can be treated, so if you begin to develop symptoms, see your doctor about getting the proper treatment.
A Answers (4)
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
General: There is currently no known method of prevention for fibromyalgia. Patients should take their medications exactly as prescribed and visit their healthcare providers regularly to help prevent complications and ensure that symptoms are properly managed. Lifestyle modifications may prevent symptoms associated with fibromyalgia. Examples include dietary restrictions, regular exercise, occupational changes, setting realistic expectations, getting proper amounts of sleep, and reducing stress levels.
Diet: Although no specific diet has been proven to influence fibromyalgia, food allergies may be a contributing factor in fibromyalgia development. It may be advisable to eliminate potential food allergens, including dairy (milk, cheese, and sour cream), eggs, nuts, shellfish, wheat (gluten), corn, preservatives, and food additives (such as dyes and fillers). If the individual is allergic to dairy products, calcium supplements are recommended. Experts recommend avoiding refined foods such as white breads, pastas, and sugar. Doughnuts, pastries, bread, candy, soft drinks, and foods with high sugar or caffeine content may all contribute to worsening symptoms of fibromyalgia.
Exercise: Studies have shown that fibromyalgia symptoms may be relieved by aerobic exercise. Patients should consult with a physician before beginning an exercise program. A physical therapist may be helpful in deciding exercises that are the most appropriate. Specific exercises may help restore muscle balance and may reduce pain. Stretching techniques may also be recommended.
Sleep: Since patients with sleep disorders (i.e., restless legs syndrome, sleep apnea) may have a higher risk of developing fibromyalgia, patient-specific therapies may be recommended to improve the quality of sleep. This may include medications (such as amitriptyline) and/or machines to assist in breathing during the night.
Stress reduction: Since physical or emotional trauma may trigger fibromyalgia, reducing stress and improving coping skills may also help reduce painful symptoms. Approaches may include using medications or practicing relaxing activities, such as yoga or meditation.
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Jacob Teitelbaum, Integrative Medicine, answered
Absolutely! Getting good nutritional support, cutting back sugar, getting 8 hours sleep a night, and learning to say “NO!” to things that feel bad to you can prevent many cases of fibromyalgia. Treating subtle hormonal imbalances can also be helpful.
Fibromyalgia can't be prevented or cured. But treating symptoms may help reduce how long a flare-up lasts.
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