Pelvic organ prolapse is the name given to the condition in which the vagina and the surrounding organs lose their support and fall from their normal positions. For many women, prolapse can include descent of the uterus, vagina, bladder and/or rectum resulting in a "bulging" sensation within the vagina. In some cases, protrusion (obvious bulging) of these organs can occur. Pelvic organ prolapse can result in symptoms including urinary leakage, constipation, and difficulty with intercourse.
Laparoscopic colpopexy is a minimally invasive surgical technique that provides a safe and durable method for reconstruction of the pelvic floor and its contents without the need for a large abdominal incision. The goal of laparoscopic colpopexy is to re-suspend the vagina and pelvic organs through the key-hole incisions. In certain circumstances, a simultaneous hysterectomy, bladder suspension, or rectocele (rectum) repair may be required, all of which can be accomplished through a vaginal approach.