Having a hysterectomy can increase your risk for pelvic organ prolapse. A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. This procedure can have a profound effect on the structures that surround the uterus, including other organs, muscles, connective tissue, and ligaments.
A woman who has had a hysterectomy is at particular risk for a prolapsed vagina or small intestine. A prolapsed vagina involves the upper part of the vagina, which is known as the vaginal vault, dropping down into the lower part of the vagina due to a lack of adequate support by muscles and connective tissue. This can only happen if you have had a hysterectomy. An enterocele involves the intestine and abdominal cavity's lining bulging down into the bottom of the pelvic area between the rectum and the vagina.