A Answers (3)
Have your child's vision checked before he or she enters first grade. If your child has no symptoms of vision problems and you don't have a family history of vision problems, have your child's vision rechecked every two years. If your child does have vision problems or there's a family history of vision problems, have your child's vision rechecked as advised by your eye doctor.
During a general physical exam (well child check), the examiner usually inspects the eyes for symmetry of motion and pupil size. This is true even of an examination on an infant. If these factors are abnormal, the patient is usually referred to an ophthalmologist.
By age 4 or 5 most children will cooperate with a formal vision test done as part of a yearly physical exam. Poor visual acuity should also result in a referral to an eye specialist.
If a parent notices a child having a wandering eye or having any trouble seeing things, the child should see a vision specialist such as a pediatric ophthalmologist.
American Academy of Ophthalmology answered
It is recommended that all children have their vision checked by their pediatrician, family physician or ophthalmologist (Eye M.D.) at or before their fourth birthday.
Most physicians test vision as part of a child’s medical examination. They may refer a child to an ophthalmologist if there is any sign of eye problems.
New techniques are available to test vision in infants and young children. If there is a family history of misaligned eyes, childhood cataracts or a serious eye disease, an ophthalmologist should examine the eyes during infancy.