Because some eye disorders are inherited and others develop after an illness, the doctor will ask about your family and personal health history. Diabetes, for example, can affect vision and always deserves careful attention.
1 AnswerRegular, comprehensive eye exams are the best way to detect eye disease early, when treatment (if available) is most effective. A thorough eye exam involves a series of evaluations -- some done in the dark, some in the light, and some with special instruments. People who feel their eyes are too sensitive or who fear an eye exam should be assured it is not painful.
Because some eye disorders are inherited and others develop after an illness, the doctor will ask about your family and personal health history. Diabetes, for example, can affect vision and always deserves careful attention.Helpful? 3 people found this helpful.
2 AnswersVisit an eye care professional if you have:
- decreased vision
- eye pain
- drainage or redness of the eye
- double vision
- flashes of light
- floaters (tiny specks that appear to float before your eyes)
- circles, or halos, around light sources
1 AnswerAging can increase your challenges as a driver, especially if you suffer from an eye condition such as macular degeneration, presbyopia, glaucoma, or cataracts. Stay safe by getting annual eye exams, checking in with your ophthalmologist, and taking necessary precautions.
Invest in new, more powerful glasses to compensate for any vision loss. Consider adding antiglare coating to your eyeglasses to reduce the temporary blindness caused by oncoming headlights at night.
You can adjust your car to suit your needs, as well. Consider installing broader side-view and rear-view mirrors to provide greater peripheral vision, or choose a car with bigger and brighter gauges to help you stay in control.
Simple lifestyle adjustments may also be in order. Perhaps driving in heavy rain or at night is no longer a good idea. For instance, cataracts, which cloud the lens, make night driving particularly difficult.
1 AnswerSunglasses are labeled according to guidelines for UV radiation protection established by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). There are three categories:
- Cosmetic. Lightly tinted lenses, good for daily wear. Block 70% of UVB rays (linked to sunburn and skin cancer), 20% of UVA (responsible for skin tanning and aging), and 60% of visible light.
- General purpose. Medium to dark lenses, fine for most outdoor recreation. Block 95% of UVB, 60% of UVA, and 60% to 90% of visible light. Most sunglasses fall into this category.
- Special purpose. Extremely dark lenses with UV blockers, recommended for places with very bright conditions such as beaches and ski slopes. Block 99% of UVB, 60% of UVA, and 97% of visible light.
There is some evidence that blue light from the sun may contribute to the development of age-related macular degeneration. Lenses with a red, amber, or orange tint may provide better protection against this light. You may find less distortion, however, with gray or green lenses.
If you aren't sure what kind of sunglasses to buy or think you may be at high risk for eye disease, consult an eye care professional.
1 AnswerWhen examining the internal eye during an eye exam, your eye doctor often applies dilating drops drug to enlarge your pupils, allowing a better examination of the eye's interior. The drops take time to wear off, and people often experience light sensitivity and difficulty focusing on close tasks for several hours afterward. Be aware that it is often difficult to drive while your eyes are dilated. Reversal drops, which reduce the time to recover from dilating drops, are available.
1 AnswerWhen examining the internal eye, the eye doctor uses a slit lamp, a diagnostic tool with a powerful microscope and a narrow slit of light, to explore different levels of the eye's transparent tissue and assess the inner workings of the eye. As you keep your head steady on a chin rest, a beam of light is projected onto your eye. The instrument's use of narrow light beams and high magnification provides a cross-sectional picture of eye tissue. This gives the doctor a close-up view of the cornea, anterior chamber, lens, vitreous humor, and retina.
The doctor will check for many things, including degeneration or the presence of foreign particles in the cornea (curved, transparent dome of tissue at the front of the eye), inflammation within the anterior chamber (space behind the cornea and in front of the iris that is filled with aqueous humor), cataract (clouding of the lens), floaters (seeing spots), tumors or abnormal blood vessels in the iris (colored part of the eye that controls how much light enters the eye), and circulatory or degenerative conditions of the retina (the film in the back of the eye).
1 AnswerWhen examining the external eye, the doctor checks the lids, lashes, and orbit -- and looks for signs of any underlying problems, such as infections, styes, cysts, tumors, or lid muscle weakness. The doctor then checks your eyeball's appearance, including the sclera (white of the eye) and conjunctiva (transparent membrane lining the inner surface of the eyelids) and notes whether the pupil (the black hole in the center of your eye) reacts normally to light.
Checking the coordination of the six muscles in each eye is an important part of the exam. Tests vary, but the goal is to ensure that your eyes function properly together.
1 AnswerHere are some tips for applying eye drops:
- If you have a strong blink reflex, try lying flat on your back and putting a drop on your cheek, outside the lid of your closed eye and near your nose. Then open your eye and the drop will roll in.
- If your hands are shaky, try approaching your eye from the side so you can rest your hand on your face to help steady your hand. You can also try putting a wrist weight of 1 to 2 pounds on the hand you're using, which can reduce mild shaking.
- If the dropper is attached directly to the bottle (as opposed to a separate dropper) and you have trouble holding on to it, wrap something (such as a paper towel) around it.
- You can also purchase an assistive device (available at medical supply stores) to help you put in eye drops.
1 AnswerFollow these guidelines to apply eye drops:
1. Wash your hands.
2. Tilt your head back while standing, sitting, or lying down. Pull your lower lid down and away from the eye to form a pocket with your index finger.
3. Let the drop fall into the pocket without touching the bottle to your eye or eyelid. Slowly let go of the lower lid.
4. Close your eyes, but try not to blink, squint, or shut them too tightly, which could push the drops out of your eyes.
5. With your eyes closed, gently press on the inside corner of your eye where the lids meet the nose for two to three minutes. (This step can be omitted when applying artificial tear drops.)
6. Wipe unabsorbed drops and tears from the closed lids with a tissue.
7. If you are putting in more than one drop or more than one type of eye drop, wait at least five minutes before putting in the next drop.
1 AnswerRealAge answered
If your child has an eye problem, or trouble reading or learning, your pediatrician may suggest seeing a pediatric ophthalmologist. These specialists can diagnose, treat, and manage all children’s eye problems, including amblyopia or “lazy eye.” Your pediatrician will likely suggest a specific doctor, but the websites for these two organizations can also help you find pediatric ophthalmologists in your area:
- The American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (misaligned eyes): (click on “Find a Pediatric Ophthalmologist”)
- American Academy of Ophthalmology
From The Smart Parent's Guide: Getting Your Kids Through Checkups, Illnesses, and Accidents by Jennifer Trachtenberg.
Find out more about this book:The Smart Parent's Guide: Getting Your Kids Through Checkups, Illnesses, and Accidents