- Heredity - If a type of epilepsy runs in your family, you may be at higher risk for the condition, although some seizure types are not inherited.
- Head trauma - A traumatic brain injury, in a car accident, for instance, could trigger a seizure or cause epilepsy.
- Health conditions - Strokes, heart attacks, meningitis, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), or viral encephalitis could lead to epilepsy.
- Dementia - Older adults may experience seizures related to cognitive decline.
- Developmental disabilities - Children with cerebral palsy, autism, Down syndrome, and other abnormalities may be seizure-prone.
- Ethnic group - African Americans and other racial groups may be more likely to develop seizures than whites.
A Answers (2)
Mehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answeredMany factors may be involved in determining who will have or develop seizures or epilepsy, including:Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.
The risk for epilepsy increases if you have:
- Family history of epilepsy.
- Head injury (for example, a penetrating wound or skull fracture) with amnesia or loss of consciousness for more than 24 hours. The more severe the injury, the higher the risk.
- Stroke or conditions that affect the blood vessels (vascular system) in the brain.
- Brain tumor.
- Brain infection, such as encephalitis or meningitis.
- Lead poisoning.
- Problems with brain development that occurred before birth.
- Substance abuse.
- Fever seizures that last a long time (also known as febrile convulsions).
- Alzheimer's disease.
Epilepsy may develop even though you do not have any risk factors. This is especially true of many forms of childhood epilepsy.
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