Effects Of Cancer On The Body

Effects Of Cancer On The Body

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  • 1 Answer
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    APenn Medicine answered
    Some of the more common services or procedures used to treat cancer-related infertility are the following:
    • Fertility Counseling -- Patients will meet with a physician to discuss their current cancer condition or status, potential treatment options and concerns.
    • Cryopreservation of Sperm -- This is the evaluation and storage of sperm. This procedure is beneficial for men who have been diagnosed with cancer before undergoing medical or surgical treatments, which result in compromised sperm production and infertility.
    • Cryopreservation of Embryos -- This is the storage of frozen embryos. Women who need cancer treatment may choose this option before beginning cancer treatment.
    • Donor Sperm and Donor Eggs -- Donor sperm can be used for patients pursuing either intrauterine insemination or in vitro fertilization once their cancer treatment is complete. Donor eggs can be used for women once their cancer treatment is complete and it is safe to achieve pregnancy.
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    Metastasis: Metastasis (spreading) to other organs, such as the liver, pancreas, lungs, and lymph nodes, may occur, causing an increase chance of death. Metastasis allows cancerous cells to spread to other tissues in the body and more than one body system, causing more damage

    Pleural effusion: Pleural effusion occurs when fluid accumulates in the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs, causing shortness of breath.

    Superior vena cava syndrome: Superior vena cava syndrome occurs when cancer partially or completely blocks the superior vena cava, which is a vein that drains blood from the upper part of the body into the heart. Blockage of the superior vena cava causes the veins in the upper part of the chest and neck to swell, resulting in swelling of the face, neck, and upper part of the chest.

    Brain dysfunction: Brain dysfunction occurs when the brain functions abnormally as a result of a cancer growing within the brain, either as a primary brain cancer or more commonly as a metastasis from a cancer elsewhere in the body. Tumors may develop and put pressure on sensitive nerves and blood vessels, causing symptoms such as confusion, drowsiness, agitation, headaches, abnormal vision, abnormal sensations, weakness, nausea, vomiting, and seizures.

    Bleeding: At first, a cancer may bleed slightly because its cells are not well attached to each other and its blood vessels are fragile. Later, as the cancer enlarges and invades surrounding tissues, it may grow into a nearby blood vessel, causing bleeding. The bleeding may be slight and undetectable or detectable only with testing. Such is often the case in early-stage colon cancer. Or, particularly with advanced cancer, the bleeding may be more significant, even massive and life threatening. The site of the cancer determines the site of the bleeding. Cancer anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract can cause bleeding in the stool. Cancer anywhere along the urinary tract can cause bleeding in the urine. Other cancers can bleed into internal areas of the body. Bleeding into the lungs can cause the individual to cough up blood.

    You should read product labels, and discuss all therapies with a qualified healthcare provider. Natural Standard information does not constitute medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.



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  • 1 Answer
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    Complications of ganglioneuroblastomas include the following:

    • Horner's syndrome: This typically occurs with tumors located in the cervix or in the thoracic (chest) region and involves only one side of the face. It is characterized by a drooping eyelid, a constricted pupil, and reduced facial sweat.
    • Hutchinson syndrome: This may occur when the tumor has metastasized (spread) to the bone, and it is characterized by limping and irritability.
    • Kerner-Morrison syndrome: Dehydration and hypokalemia (low potassium levels) may result. This is observed with tumors that secrete vasoactive intestinal polypeptides, hormones that cause the intestine to secrete water and electrolytes. Hypokalemia may cause arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms).
    • Opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia syndrome: This may occur due to the body producing antibodies against the tumor, and it manifests as uncontrolled jerking movements of the arms, legs, and chest, and rapid eye movements. Developmental delays in the child may result.
    • Spinal cord compression (SCC): This may occur in children when the tumor has spread to areas surrounding the spinal cord. Signs and symptoms of SCC include back pain, loss of sensation, numbness, stiffness in the arms or legs, and loss of bladder or bowel control.

    You should read product labels, and discuss all therapies with a qualified healthcare provider. Natural Standard information does not constitute medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.



    For more information visit https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/

    Copyright © 2012 by Natural Standard Research Collaboration. All Rights Reserved.

  • 1 Answer
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    AMichael Roizen, MD, Internal Medicine, answered
    Cancer is an unusual cell. It's not the normal thing, and so your immune system should fight it. If a proofreader gene doesn't spot the cancer cell and kill it at an early stage, the body should summon a system-wide immunologic response to the cell. However, to some cancers we don't produce this response, and those are the ones that kill us. Why don't we produce an immunologic response? It may be that the cancer secretes a protein that prevents the sites of immunologic action on the protein from being shown to our own immune system. It might be that the cancer protects itself by secreting protein.
  • 2 Answers
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    The following are recommendations for oral health care when undergoing cancer treatment:
    • You should continue to gently brush teeth twice a day unless the dentist recommends otherwise. You should use fluoride toothpaste and look for products that display the American Dental Association's Seal of Acceptance.
    • Patients who receive cancer treatment of the head and neck sometimes discover that they cannot tolerate the flavor of their regular toothpaste. If this happens to you, you can try another flavor that will not irritate mouth tissues.
    • Continue to gently floss once a day. If the gums are sore or bleeding in places, you should avoid those areas but continue to floss other teeth until the condition improves.
    • Your dentist may recommend a mouthrinse in addition to daily brushing. You also may be advised to use fluoride gel at home to help reduce the likelihood of tooth decay.
    • Rinse your mouth several times a day with a solution of baking soda and salt, followed by a plain water rinse. Use one-quarter teaspoon of baking soda and one-eighth teaspoon of salt in one cup of warm water. This is particularly helpful if you experience vomiting after cancer treatment.
    • If dry mouth develops, your dentist may recommend a saliva replacement, available at pharmacies. Taking frequent sips of water, sucking on ice chips or sugar-free candy, or chewing sugarfree gum may provide relief.
    • Eat a balanced diet. Soft, moist foods such as cooked cereals, mashed potatoes and scrambled eggs may be suitable if your mouth is sore.
    • Avoid using tobacco and alcohol and schedule regular dental checkups. Your dentist and physician both want your treatment to be as safe and effective as possible.
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  • 4 Answers
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    AShelby Terstriep, MD, Oncology, answered on behalf of Sanford Health

    Cancer-related fatigue is a distressing, persistent, subjective sense of physical, emotional, or cognitive tiredness or exhaustion related to cancer or its treatment that is not proportional to recent activity. It affects the daily living of more than 30 percent of cancer patients nationwide. For many patients, fatigue related to cancer can be more debilitating than managing chronic pain.

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    APatrick Maguire, MD, Oncology, answered
    Cancers of the esophagus are usually either squamous cell carcinoma (SCCs) (upper to middle) or adenocarcinomas (lower and/or extending into the junction with the stomach). Squamous cell cancers generally arise from superficial parts of the body such as the skin, genitalia, or mucosal covering of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract or anus. On the other hand, adenocarcinomas are glandular cancers that arise from deeper within the body. The vast majority of cancers of the breast, prostate, and colon are adenocarcinomas.
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    ALIVESTRONG answered
    After effects can be described as long-term or late effects of cancer and treatment. Aftereffects can range from very mild to serious. They may vary from one survivor to the next. Doctors cannot always predict if any will occur or how long-lasting they will be. Treatment can help you manage aftereffect symptoms so you can live a full and happy life.

    Long-term effects develop during treatment and are lingering or chronic (do not go away). They continue after treatments are over. Many long-term effects improve or resolve with time such as anemia, fatigue, or anxiety (feeling worried). Some survivors may experience long-term effects that are permanent such as limb loss, weakness, or nerve damage.

    Late effects are delayed and can surface months to years after treatment ends. Generally, the earlier these problems are identified, the easier they are to treat. Some late effects are long-lasting or permanent such as certain types of heart disease or lung disease, lymphedema (swelling in a limb due to blockage of the lymph system), osteoporosis, depression, and second cancers.

    Examples of aftereffects include:
    • Physical: Fatigue, scars, or loss of limbs
    • Emotional: Anxiety or depression
    • Practical: Challenges with employment or getting health insurance

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    ALIVESTRONG answered
    There are many different causes of sexual functioning concerns in female cancer survivors. Some are physical causes. Others may be due to changes in how you feel about yourself, your body, or other aspects of your life after cancer.

    Certain types of cancer, such as those that affect sexual organs, can put survivors at risk for problems. Approximately half of survivors of breast cancer and other cancers that affect the pelvic area (such as the cervix, ovaries, uterus, bladder, colon, or vagina) develop long-term sexual problems. Yet, most problems are actually caused by treatment and not the cancer itself.

    Some ways treatment can affect sexual functioning include:
    • Chemotherapy can damage the ovaries, causing hormonal changes and temporary or permanent menopause in younger women.
    • Radiation can affect the vagina, cervix, or uterus.
    • Surgery or radiation therapy can affect cancers in the pelvic area (bladder, colorectal, cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, or vulvar cancer).
    • Side effects of medicines used to treat pain, nausea, depression, or anxiety can affect sexual functioning.
    If possible, talk with your healthcare team about the risks for problems with sexual functioning before you begin cancer treatment. There may be things that can be done to minimize risks. If you have already undergone treatment, talk with your doctor about finding ways to treat symptoms or concerns now.

    Certain emotions can also contribute to intimacy challenges such as:
    • Sad or depressed feelings
    • Concerns about being less attractive
    • Stress in the relationship with your partner
    • Difficulty with self-esteem because of physical changes
    If physical changes affect how a woman feels about herself or her body, this can also contribute to sexual problems. For example, it may be more challenging for someone who was uncomfortable with sexuality or had tension in a relationship before cancer. If you have these types of concerns, ask your doctor for a referral to a licensed counselor who has experience working with cancer survivors.
  • 1 Answer
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    ALIVESTRONG answered

    Cancer and treatment can affect survivors in different ways. One area of life that might change is the ability to have or enjoy sex. These types of changes in women following cancer or treatment are sometimes referred to as female sexual dysfunction. The cause may be physical or emotional.

    The following may be indicators that it is time to talk with your doctor about concerns related to sex after cancer treatment:

    • Loss of desire for sex
    • Negative thoughts and feelings during sex
    • Difficulty reaching climax
    • Vaginal dryness and tightness
    • Pain during sex or when your genital area is touched.