Look at the amounts of carbohydrate (carb) foods you're having at each meal. Carbohydrate foods -- bread, tortillas, biscuits, rice, pasta, crackers, cereal, fruit, juice, milk, potatoes, corn, peas, and sweets -- can be part of a diabetes meal plan. However, because they raise your blood glucose more than other foods do, try to closely watch the amount of carb foods you eat. For many people, having 3 or 4 servings of a carb choice at each meal and 1 or 2 servings at snacks is about right. See the serving size guide below. Work with your health care team to design a meal plan that will fit the way you live and include the foods you like. Ask for a complete list of carb choices and serving sizes.
Here is a list of carb choices and serving sizes:
- Bread: 1 slice
- Tortilla: 1 small
- Fruit and juice: 1 small piece or 1/2 cup
- Milk and sugar-free yogurt: 1 cup
- Noodles or rice: 1/3 cup
- Corn, peas, and potatoes: 1/2 cup
Be more active. Physical activity such as walking or yardwork can help lower your blood glucose and help relieve stress.
Take your diabetes pills or insulin as prescribed to lower your blood glucose. Be sure to ask your team when to take your medicines.