- Look at the amounts of carbohydrate (carb) foods you're having at each meal. Carbohydrate foods -- bread, tortillas, biscuits, rice, pasta, crackers, cereal, fruit, juice, milk, potatoes, corn, peas, and sweets -- can be part of a diabetes meal plan. However, because they raise your blood glucose more than other foods do, try to closely watch the amount of carb foods you eat. For many people, having 3 or 4 servings of a carb choice at each meal and 1 or 2 servings at snacks is about right. See the serving size guide below. Work with your health care team to design a meal plan that will fit the way you live and include the foods you like. Ask for a complete list of carb choices and serving sizes.
Here is a list of carb choices and serving sizes:
Bread: 1 slice
Tortilla: 1 small
Fruit and juice: 1 small piece or 1?2 cup
Milk and sugar-free yogurt: 1 cup
Noodles or rice: 1?3 cup
Corn, peas, and potatoes: 1?2 cup
- Be more active. Physical activity such as walking or yardwork can help lower your blood glucose and help relieve stress.
- Take your diabetes pills or insulin as prescribed to lower your blood glucose. Be sure to ask your team when to take your medicines.