There are Five Common Complications
- Cardiovascular disease and stroke
- Retinopathy (eye disease)
- Nephropathy (kidney disease)
- Neuropathy (nerve disease)
- Infections, including dental disease
Cardiovascular disease and stroke
People with diabetes are two to four times as likely to have a heart attack or stroke as people without diabetes. It is the number one killer of people with diabetes. Therefore, it’s important to understand and mitigate the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.
Retinopathy (eye disease)
The most common eye disease in people with diabetes is retinopathy, a disease of the retina. The retina is the light-sensing region of the inner eye. It acts like a miniature “movie screen” in the back of your eye, on which the images you see are projected.
Nephropathy (kidney disease)
Nephropathy or kidney disease can occur in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. However, severe kidney damage is more common in people with type 1 diabetes than in those with type 2.
Neuropathy (nerve disease)
Diabetes usually doesn’t impair the brain and spinal cord, but it can damage the nerves in other parts of the body. The nerves may be unable to send messages, may send them at the wrong times, or may send them too slowly. This is called diabetic neuropathy.
Infections, including dental disease
People with diabetes have a higher risk for infection and skin problems than other people. Skin problems and infections include everything from a scrape on the toe that gets out of hand to gum disease.