Diabetes Complications

How does diabetes affect the body?

A Answers (3)

  • AMehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answered

    Diabetes ages you 1.5 years for every year you live. For example, get it at age 30 and live to 60, you're not really 60, but you have the energy and disability risks of a 75-year-old.

    Type II diabetes makes sugar build up in your bloodstream rather than directly into your cells. That causes weakness in the seals between cells in your arteries allowing cholesterol to seep in. It also causes sugar to attach to proteins and make them less effective. That causes a host of health problems. For example:

    • It increases your blood pressure.
    • It increases your risk of heart attacks, strokes, memory loss, kidney failure, eye problems, arthritis and lung disease.
    • It decreases your ability to fight off infections.
  • Diabetes can damage many parts of the body: the eyes, heart, blood vessels, nervous system, teeth and gums, feet and skin, and kidneys. These are called chronic, or long-lasting, complications. However, studies have shown that keeping blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol close to target levels can help prevent or delay the harmful effects of diabetes.
  • If left untreated or not treated properly, diabetes can affect every part of the body. In all types of diabetes, the body does not process blood sugar properly. Elevated blood sugar levels, especially when sustained over long periods of time, can greatly increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.This condition may also damage nerves, especially those to your legs, increase the risk of eye problems, complications with the feet, and other problems. It is very important to follow your doctor's treatment program to reduce the risk of these complications related to diabetes.
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How does type 2 diabetes affect other illnesses?